The%20Self%20-%20Chapt%202b0

The%20Self%20-%20Chapt%202b0 - The Self Self-concept...

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The Self Self-concept Self-knowledge Self-esteem Self-serving bias
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Self-concept: Who am I? Complete this sentence 10 times: I am __________ I am a psychologist. I am an athlete. I am a big sister. I am a doctoral candidate. I am a coffee lover .
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Self-concept: Who am I? Self-Concept: Set of beliefs and perceptions about oneself. Helps determine how individuals will behave Inconsistency between self-concept and experience evokes anxiety and threat Personal Identity = defines self in terms of unique personal attributes or interpersonal relationships Social Identity = defines self in terms of group memberships
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What does this have to do with me? Self-schemas Schema: mental template Specific beliefs about oneself that help our processing of important self-relevant information Perceive yourself as studious? Creative? Liberal? Self-Reference Effect Our favorite topic: Ourselves! Self-relevant info is easier to process and remember. Schemas seek, organize, and retrieve info
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Self-discrepancy Theory Make another list this time with the things you would like to be in the future. Possible selves dream and fear of becoming Actual self vs. ideal self vs. the ought self Own vs. significant others Discrepancies can lead to: Own Others Ideal Disappointment Lack of pride Ought Guilt Shame
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Spotlight effect A universal experience that distorts our egocentric notion about the degree to which people in groups, like parties and work gatherings, pay attention to us. Cornell University 109 college students told to wear Barry Manilow t-shirts to class. Participants guessed that at least half of their peers had noticed. Actual results = Less than 25% Found that people exaggerate by up to 6 times the percentage of observers who notice.
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Illusion of transparency A tendency for people to overestimate the extent to which others can discern their internal states. Cornell study (Gilovich et al, 1998) Liars overestimate the detectability of their lies. People believe their feelings of disgust are more apparent than they actually are.
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Building Our Self-Concept How do we build our “selves”? Roles We wear many hats! Some may even feel funny at first, but then we adapt. Social Identity Part of a group Minority identity phenomenon Remember how you felt when you were the only ___ present.
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Social Comparison (Festinger, 1954) ▫ It‟s all relative! When you are uncertain with your own abilities you evaluate yourself through comparisons with others. (Upward and downward) Success and failure We track our daily experiences Other people‟s judgments The way we imagine other people see us. ▫ EX: Parents‟ labels
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The%20Self%20-%20Chapt%202b0 - The Self Self-concept...

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