IPQ-cancer - Psychology and Health 1996 Vol 11 pp 43l5...

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Psychology and Health, 1996, Vol. 11, pp. 43lØ5 © 1996 OPA (Overseas Publishers Association) Reprints available directly from the Publisher Amsterdam B.V. Published in The Netherlands Photocopying permitted by license only by Harwood Academic Publishers GmbH Printed in Malaysia THE ILLNESS PERCEPTION QUESTIONNAIRE: A NEW METHOD FOR ASSESSING THE COGNITIVE REPRESENTATION OF ILLNESS JOHN WEINMAN 1 1 Unit of Psychology, United Medical and Dental Schools of Guy's and St Thomas's Hospitals, London Bridge, London SEI 9RT, United Kingdom KEITH J. PETRIE' and RONA MOSS-MORRIS 2 2 Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of Auckland School of Medicine, Auckland, New Zealand ROB HORNE 3 3 The John Harris Clinical Pharmacy Unit, University of Brighton, Brighton, United Kingdom (Received 21 December, 1994; in final form 16 October, 1995) The Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ) is a new method for assessing cognitive representations of illness. The IPQ is a theoretically derived measure comprising five scales that provides information about the five components that have been found to underlie the cognitive representation of illness. The five scales assess identity - the symptoms the patient associates with the illness, cause - personal ideas about aetiology, time-line - the perceived duration of the illness, consequences - expected effects and outcome and cure control - how one controls or recovers from the illness. The IPQ has a specific number of core items but allows the user to add items for particular patient groups or health threats. Data is presented supporting the reliability and validity of the IPQ scales in different chronic illness populations. Keywords: Illness perceptions; questionnaire; reliability; validity; chronic illness; personal models. INTRODUCTION The onset of illness gives rise to a range of problems, which can vary greatly from patient to patient, even in those with the same condition. In recent years health psychologists have shown that, in order to make sense of and respond to these problems, patients create their own models or representations of their illness. The most influential theoretical framework adopted in this work is the self-regulation model of Leventhal and colleagues, who have proposed that patients' illness representations are based around distinct components which, in turn, determine coping (Leventhal, Nerenz and Steele, 1984; Leventhal and Diefenbach. 1991). Thus they maintain that each patient will have their own ideas about the identity, cause, time-line, and consequences of their illness. Lau and colleagues (1989) have indicated that patients' models also incorporate beliefs about the cure and controllability of the condition. Recent overviews of research in this area, based on differing methodologies across a range of different clinical conditions, confirm the consistency and validity of these five components of patients' illness representations (Skelton and Croyle, 1991). The
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course PSYCH 212 taught by Professor Dansullivan during the Spring '11 term at NYU.

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IPQ-cancer - Psychology and Health 1996 Vol 11 pp 43l5...

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