CBI - Cancer Behaviour Inventory

CBI - Cancer Behaviour Inventory - Health Psychology 1997...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Health Psychology 1997, Vol. 16, No. 2, 163-170 Copyright 1997 by the American Psychological A ssociation, Inc. 0278-6133/97/S3.00 A ssessm ent of Self-Efficacy and Coping W ith Cancer: D evelopm ent and V alidation of the Cancer B ehavior Inventory T h o m as V . M erluzzi and M ary A nn M artin ez S anchez University of Notre Dame T his article reports the developm ent of a m easure of self-efficacy for coping w ith cancer. Item s culled from a variety of sources w ere chosen for inclusion in the C ancer B ehavior Inventory (C B I) based on the psychom etric properties of the item s and the tit of the item s in a factor structure. Factor analysis on a group of 502 persons w ith cancer yielded 6 factors: (a) M aintenance of A ctivity and Independence (a = .89), (b) C oping W ith T reatm ent-R elated Side Effects (a = .88), (c) A ccepting C ancer/M aintaining Positive A ttitude (a = .87), (d ) Seeking and U nderstanding M edical Inform ation (a = .88), (e) Affective R egulation (a = .75), and (f) Seeking S upport (a = .77). C ronbach's a fo r th e entire m easure w as .96, an d correlations w ith other m easures supported its validity. T he C B I m ay be useful for research and clinical practice. Key words: self-efficacy, coping, cancer, assessm ent For people w ho have ju st been diagnosed w ith cancer, the very idea of having the disease causes distress (H ughes, 1993; L evy et al., 1992). M any people recover from that initial shock, but som e m ay not be as w ell adjusted as they w ere prior to the diagnosis (Stanton & Snider, 1993), as certain coping styles m ay prolong or exacerbate distress. Follow ing diagnosis, a person m ay undergo som e com bina- tion of surgery, radiation, and chem otherapy, w hich usually requires the person to m ount coping resources. A ccording to B andura (1991), those w ith high-efficacy expectations for coping feel that they are able to call on reserves to m eet the challenges involved in coping w ith stressors such as cancer. Those low in efficacy m ay feel overw helm ed by the dem ands of their situation. Self-efficacy theory has been used extensively in health psychology. For exam ple, high-efficacy expectations have been associated w ith adherence to exercise regim ens (Fruin, T hom as V . M erluzzi and M ary A nn M artinez S anchez, D epart- m ent of Psychology, U niversity of N otre D am e. M ary A nn M artinez S anchez is now at the D epartm ent of H um an S ciences, P im a C om m unity C ollege. W e w ish to acknow ledge the support of R afat A nsari, Thom as T roeger, D avid T aber, Juan G arcia, and R honda C ritchlow and the staff of M ichiana H em atology-O ncology South B end, Indiana; M arti Verfurth, E xecutive D irector of M em orial H o sp ital's R e- gional C ancer C enter, South B end, Indiana, and her staff; and the m any dedicated undergraduates in the sem inar on psychooncology at the U niversity of N otre D am e w ho served as research assistants....
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course PSYCH 212 taught by Professor Dansullivan during the Spring '11 term at NYU.

Page1 / 8

CBI - Cancer Behaviour Inventory - Health Psychology 1997...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online