emotion theory

emotion theory - Commentary/Lewis Bridging emotion theory...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
constituent elements in emotional communication: specifically, those neural entities involved in displays of emotion in senders as well as preattunements to those displays in receivers. Neural entities cannot, however, be the critical constituent “parts” in the case of higher-level social, cognitive, and moral emo- tions. Biologically based emotions may be constituent elements in higher-level emotions: for example, biologically based prosocial emotions underlying attachment and love may be involved in so- cial emotions, and biologically based emotions underlying explo- ration and curiosity may be involved in cognitive emotions, and both of these may be involved in moral emotions (Buck 1999). These biological systems may serve to provide the affective “fire” underlying such powerful higher-level emotions as pride, envy, jealousy, guilt, shame, awe, dread, resentment, humiliation, and gratitude (Buck 2004). However, other considerations – compar- ative gain and loss, fairness and equity, social norms and roles – must arguably be constituent elements in higher-level emotions. I would like to applaud and expand upon one contention in Lewis’s account: that neither fully articulated emotions nor fully articulated cognitions can exist in isolation from one another. I fully agree, and suggest that this is the case with the concept of “motivation” as well. In their fully articulated forms, emotions im- ply cognitions imply motives imply emotions, and so on (Buck 1985). Emotion is remarkable in its relevance to phenomena at widely different levels of analysis, literally from atoms, molecules, and genes to social, cultural, and historical phenomena. The DS ap- proach helps us to sort out the ingredients of this self-organizing and dynamic stew in a systematic way, by identifying the con- stituent elements of ingredients, specifying how they interact with other ingredients, and – critically – assigning the ingredients to the correct level of analysis. Emotion theory is about more than affect and cognition: Taking triggers and actions into account Charles S. Carver Department of Psychology, University of Miami, Coral Gables, FL 33124-0751. [email protected] http://www.psy.miami.edu/faculty/ccarver/ Abstract : Understanding how emotions emerge is difficult without de- termining what characteristic of the trigger actually triggers them. Know- ing whether emotional experiences self-stabilize is difficult without re- membering what other processes are set in play as the emotion emerges. It is not clear either that positive feedback is required for the emergence of emotion or that an attractor model captures well what is happening when an emotion arises. Lewis introduces the target article as an effort to create a bridge
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course PSYCH 212 taught by Professor Dansullivan during the Spring '11 term at NYU.

Page1 / 2

emotion theory - Commentary/Lewis Bridging emotion theory...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online