McCarthy JCP 2007 Rigidity and CRQ revised

McCarthy JCP 2007 Rigidity and CRQ revised - Journal of...

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The Relation of Rigidity Across Relationships With Symptoms and Functioning: An Investigation With the Revised Central Relationship Questionnaire Kevin S. McCarthy, Mary Beth Connolly Gibbons, and Jacques P. Barber University of Pennsylvania The belief that rigidity across relationships is related to greater symptoms and poorer functioning commonly informs the practice of many psychodynamic and interpersonal therapists. Using a profile correlation approach, the authors tested this hypothesis in a sample of 250 clients and 90 undergraduate control participants. Symptoms and functioning were assessed with the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems (IIP; L. M. Horowitz, L. E. Alden, J. S. Wiggins, A. L. Pincus, 2000), Global Assessment of Functioning Scale (American Psychiatric Association, 2000), and Brief Symptom Inventory (L. R. Derogatis, & N. Melisaratos, 1983). A revised version of the empirically derived Central Relationship Questionnaire (CRQ; J. P. Barber, C. Foltz, & R. M. Weinryb, 1998) was used to measure interpersonal patterns. Revisions were made to the CRQ to increase the interpersonal dimensions it captured, reduce its length, and model a higher order factor structure. The psychometric properties of the revised CRQ were found to be adequate. Rigidity, as measured with the CRQ, was not related to rigidity measured with the IIP (amplitude) and did not differ significantly among individuals with different interpersonal problems or Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders , 4th edition (American Psychiatric Association, 2000) diagnoses. Contrary to theory, however, greater rigidity across relationships was related to fewer symptoms and interpersonal problems. These relations did not appear due to the valence or the extremeness of the interpersonal patterns used in the estimation of rigidity. Keywords: relationships, interpersonal, rigidity, consistency, symptoms Supplemental materials: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0012578.supp Much of the psychotherapy practiced today is interpersonal or psychodynamic in its theoretical orientation (Constantine, 2001; Norcross, Hedges, & Castle, 2002; Poznanski & McLennan, 1999; Worthington & Dillon, 2003). In these theories, individuals are presumed to have characteristic motivations, expectations, and reactions across their interactions with others, or central relation- ship patterns . These patterns are thought to be learned from childhood experiences and used as a template to understand and guide all new relationships (Blatt, Auerbach, & Levy, 1997; Bowlby, 1988; Freud, 1912/1958, 1925/1963; Luborsky, 1984; Malan, 1979; Menninger, 1958; Strupp & Binder, 1984). Across- relationship rigidity is the repetition of interpersonal patterns in interactions with different relationship referents (e.g., expecting rejection from all people at some time or another, but not neces- sarily in every interaction). 1 People vary in the level of rigidity they exhibit across their relationships with others (e.g., Crits- Christoph, Demorest, Muenz, & Baranackle, 1994). One of the major clinical hypotheses of interpersonal and psychodynamic theories is that, compared with those lower in rigidity, individuals
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This note was uploaded on 03/06/2011 for the course PSYCH 212 taught by Professor Dansullivan during the Spring '11 term at NYU.

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McCarthy JCP 2007 Rigidity and CRQ revised - Journal of...

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