2008 Comparitive Evaluations

2008 Comparitive Evaluations - Integr Psych Behav(2008...

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COMMENTARIES Comparative Evaluations Roger Bibace Published online: 12 January 2008 # Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2007 Abstract My response to Engelmann (2008) will be based on several questions that will allow both its author and the general reader to determine whether the assumptions I make as an interpreter of this complex paper are congruent or incongruent with their own interpretations of the text. The interpretations by the writer, by any commentator, and the diverse interpretations of a general audience together with my own interpretations will, I hope, facilitate some fruitful comparative evaluations. I articulate my inferences of the most dense part of the paper, namely the concrete immediate Consciousness and the developing absent outside. My hope is to address Engelmann s question: Am I in a better disposition to judge modern theories of consciousness? The last section of my response spells out more personal comments to my all too brief and single encounter with Arno Engelmann. It is there that Arno Engelmann s fascinating statement I am a citizen of the world is addressed through its counterparts in my life. Keywords Epistemology . Comparison in psychology . Variability . Functional equivalence . Truth Introduction: Locating Engelmann Epistemologically It is clear that Engelmann locates himself as an interactionist epistemologically. Historically and systematically, writers in the sciences have adopted one of only three possible explanatory systems: internal, external or interactionist positions. For Piaget ( 1970 ), there are six and not three such explanatory systems because there is a developmental variant for each of these positions. Thus, Engelmann begins by focusing on the known present occurrences in his first section and then asks, Is there any way to really know the outside? Integr Psych Behav (2008) 42:76 86 DOI 10.1007/s12124-007-9038-3 R. Bibace ( * ) Clark University, Worcester, MA 01610, USA e-mail: rbibace@clarku.edu
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I resonate positively and strongly to this sequence of questions because it asserts the vectorial dynamic of the person from inside to the outside world. Or, to restate this directional dynamic, the move is from the internalized intrapsychic biological, psychological, and sociocultural processes relied upon by human beings to the selective responses made by that person to their multiple environments. The converse directional dynamic, namely from the outside world s influence on the person s mind, is all too common in mainstream psychology contemporaneously. This commonality dates back to the nature/nurture controversies and is expressed currently in diverse sciences at all levels of organization, be it in biology or the psychology of the self, society, and culture. Locke s ideas in many borrowed versions are still the mainstay of correspondence theories of truth in that the environment is assumed to inscribe itself on the
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2008 Comparitive Evaluations - Integr Psych Behav(2008...

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