Epstein-CEST (neprintat)

Epstein-CEST (neprintat) - Cognitive-Experiential...

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Cognitive-Experiential Self-Theory of Personality Seymour Epstein, Ph. D. University of Massachusetts at Amherst (Reference: Epstein, S. (2003). Cognitive-experiential self-theory of personality. In Millon, T., & Lerner, M. J. (Eds), Comprehensive Handbook of Psychology, Volume 5: Personality and Social Psychology ( pp. 159-184). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons.) Running head: Cognitive-experiential self-theory Author’s Note This chapter includes material from several other chapters and articles as well as new information. The research reported here was supported by National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Research Grant MH 01293 and NIMH Research Scientist Award 5 KO5 MH 00363. Correspondence should be addressed to Seymour Epstein, Psychology Department, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003. Tel.: (413) 253-2092, Fax: (413) 545-0996, e- mail: [email protected]
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Cognitive-experiential self-theory 2 p. 3. TWO INFORMATION PROCESSING SYSTEMS p. 5. Comparison of the Operating Principles of the Two Systems p. 8. How the Experiential System Operates p. 9. The Four Basic Needs p. 9. Identification of the Four Basic Needs p. 9. Interactions Among the Basic Needs p. 11. Imbalances in the Basic Needs as Related to Specific Psychopathologies p. 12. The Four Basic Beliefs p. 14. The Interaction of the Two Systems p. 14. The Influence of the Experiential System on the Rational System p. 17. The Influence of the Rational System on the Experiential System p. 18. The Lower and Higher Reaches of the Experiential System p. 20. PSYCHODYNAMICS p. 20. The Influence of Early-Acquired Beliefs on Maladaptive Behavior p. 23. The Influence of Early-Acquired Motives on Maladaptive Behavior p. 26. RESEARCH SUPPORT FOR THE CONSTRUCT VALIDITY OF CEST p. 26. Research on the Operating Principles of the Experiential System p. 26. Irrational Reactions to Unfavorable Arbitrary Outcomes p. 28. The Ratio-Bias Phenomenon p. 31. The Global Evaluation Heuristic p. 33. Conjunction Problems p. 35. Interaction Between the Two Processing Systems p. 36. Interaction Between the Basic Needs p. 37. Research on Individual Differences p. 37. Individual Differences in the Intelligence of the Experiential System p. 39. Individual Differences in Rational and Experiential Thinking Styles p. 41. Individual Differences in Basic Beliefs About the Self and the World p. 42. Summary and Conclusions Regarding Research Support for CEST p. 43. IMPLICATIONS OF COGNITIVE-EXPERIENTIAL SELF-THEORY FOR PSYCHOTHERAPY AND RESEARCH p. 43. Implications for Psychotherapy p. 43. Using the Rational System to Correct the Experiential System p. 46. Learning Directly From Emotionally Significant Experiences p. 47. Communicating with the Experiential System in its Own Medium p. 53. Implications for Research p. 58. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS p. 60. REFERENCES
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Cognitive-experiential self-theory 3 Cognitive-experiential self-theory (CEST) is a broadly integrative theory of personality that is compatible with a variety of other theories, including psychodynamic theories, learning theories, phenomenological self-theories, and modern cognitive scientific views on information processing. CEST achieves its integrative power primarily through three assumptions.
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