Giorgi-chalenges psychology

Giorgi-chalenges psychology - Amedeo Giorgi Remaining...

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10.1 7 /0 2 167804274361 Remaining Chal enges for Humanistic Psychology Amedeo Giorgi REMAINING CHALLENGES FOR HUMANISTIC PSYCHOLOGY AMEDEO GIORGI received his Ph.D. in psychology from Fordham University in 1958. He was trained in experimental psychology, and he pursued a career in academic psychology. He found that the standard ex- perimental and quantitative procedures used by mainstream psychology missed the genuine psycho- logical questions that ought to have been asked.After a long search, he turned to phenomenological philosophy as the basis for a more adequate methodology for psychology as well as the basis for a nonreductionistic philosophical anthropology.He is currently at Saybrook Graduate School, primarily teaching courses in phenomenological meth- odology and phenomenological psychology. Summary The humanistic psychology movement that began in the late 1950s and blossomed in the 1960s was a necessary corrective to the main- stream psychology of that era. Primarily, the humanistic movement was a significant factor in restoring the image of the human person that was greatly reduced by behaviorism and strict psychoanalysis. However, humanistic psychology did not totally free itself from the methods and strategies inherited from natural scientific psychology. This article demonstrates the compatibility between humanistic psychology and a phenomenological approach and suggests that remaining challenges to humanistic psychology demand explicit acknowledgement of the need for the development of non- reductionistic human scientific methods for studying persons in psychological meaningful ways. 204 AUTHOR’S NOTE: Talk given on the occasion of the granting of the Rollo May Award from Division 32 of the American Psychological Association to the author at the 111th Annual Conventionof the American PsychologicalAssociation in Toronto, Canada, on August 8, 2003. Reprint requests: Amedeo Giorgi, Saybrook Graduate School, 747 Front St., 3rd Floor, San Francisco, CA 94111; email: agiorgi@ saybrook.edu. Journal of Humanistic Psychology , Vol. 45 No. 2, Spring 2005 204-216 DOI: 10.1177/0022167804274361 © 2005 Sage Publications
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Keywords: humanistic psychology; personhood; phenomenology; human science methods There are still among us, including myself, people who have directly experienced the beginnings of humanistic psychology and who recall what psychology was like prior to the impact of various alternative psychologies, including humanistic psychology, that took place in the 1960s. In academia, behaviorism, the experimen- tal paradigm, quantitative approaches, and the use of animals as subjects were dominant. In the clinical realm, there was the medi- cal model, and if one departed from its strict interpretation, one moved either into the arena of tests and their quantified measures or into psychoanalysis and its pathology-laden interpretation of humans.Of course,neither behaviorism nor psychoanalysis had to be so narrowly interpreted, as subsequent decades demonstrated,
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Giorgi-chalenges psychology - Amedeo Giorgi Remaining...

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