Ibanez Cosmelli I (p)

Ibanez Cosmelli I (p) - Integr Psych Behav DOI...

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EDITORIAL Moving Beyond Computational Cognitivism: Understanding Intentionality, Intersubjectivity and Ecology of Mind Agustín Ibáñez Diego Cosmelli # Springer Science + Business Media, LLC 2007 Abstract The emergence of the Cognitive Sciences, in the middle of the 20th Century, was initially based on an abstract model of the mind: the computer metaphor. The human mind was understood in analogy to the digital computer, as a rule-based, symbol processor. As a consequence, the human being was envisioned as logically rationally guided, radically disembodied and isolated from culture. Over the last few decades, several disciplines, such as Biology, Mathematics, Philosophy, Psychology and Neuroscience, have begun to address the study of intentionality, intersubjectivity and natural cognition. Searching for a better understanding of these complex issues, a number of approaches have been developed with the promise of capturing the specific qualities of human cognition, radically omitted from a computationalist view of mind. Nevertheless, since these research programs are rather recent, concrete methodological designs and empirical approaches in the form of experimentally testable hypotheses are still scarce. This special issue brings together several perspectives in order to propose alternative research approaches in the topics of Intentionality, Intersubjectivity and Ecology of Mind. We believe it is necessary to discuss and advance towards explicit empirical frames in the form of actual experiments, specific predictions and formal models. The essays presented here constitute an attempt to move in this direction, with the specific aim of reconsidering the study of some forgotten properties of brain and mind. Integr Psych Behav DOI 10.1007/s12124-007-9045-4 A. Ibáñez ( * ) Neuroscience Laboratory, Universidad Diego Portales, Vergara 275, Santiago, Chile e-mail: [email protected] A. Ibáñez Department of Gerontopsychiatry, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany D. Cosmelli Centro de Estudios Neurobiológicos, P. Universidad Católica de Chile, Marcoleta 391 Segundo Piso, Santiago, Chile e-mail: [email protected] D. Cosmelli Escuela de Psicologia, P. Universidad Catolica de Chile, Vicuña Mackenna 4860, Macul, Santiago, Chile
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Keywords Embodied cognition . Neurodynamics . Dynamic approaches to cognition . Situated Cognition . Brain dynamics Cognitive Sciences Versus Cognitivism The present context of cognitive sciences can be described as the questioning of a dominant classical paradigm, known as computationalism or computational cogniti- vism. It was established between the 60s and 70s as a multidisciplinary program to understand cognitive processes. The core concept of this revolution assumed that the mind could be understood on the basis of symbolic calculations, being explained on the basis of logical syntactic rules and principles. Meaning lost its leading role in the mechanistic explanation of the mind, favoring syntax and objective correspondence
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Ibanez Cosmelli I (p) - Integr Psych Behav DOI...

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