Antropologie si samanism

Antropologie si samanism - Tradu in engleza “ruptura de...

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Unformatted text preview: Tradu in engleza “ruptura de nivel” - Mircea Eliade-“rupere de nivel” (din Eliade) level transgression, level breaking Tradu din engleza “medical humanities” (materie de studiu) We define the term "medical humanities" broadly to include an interdisciplinary field of humanities (literature, philosophy, ethics, history and religion), social science (anthropology, cultural studies, psychology, sociology), and the arts (literature, theater, film, and visual arts) and their application to medical education and practice. The humanities and arts provide insight into the human condition, suffering, personhood, our responsibility to each other, and offer a historical perspective on medical practice. Attention to literature and the arts helps to develop and nurture skills of observation, analysis, empathy, and self-reflection -- skills that are essential for humane medical care. The social sciences help us to understand how bioscience and medicine take place within cultural and social contexts and how culture interacts with the individual experience of illness and the way medicine is practiced. 2005 volumul8 CAIETELE ECHINOX Samanismul postmodern Coordonator: Corin Braga Editor: Editura Dacia, Cluj-Napoca, Romania Corin Braga Carlos Castaneda si starile alterate de constiinta Abstract : The article begins by questioning the fictional or non-fictional character of Castaneda's work. It attempts to explain Castaneda's "hoax" through biographical, psychoanalytical, or metaphorical interpretations. It also tries to reconstruct Castaneda system of the world (the sorcerers' explanation), beyond the debate on the nature of his shamanistic stories. The conclusion is that Castaneda practices a Postmodern type of shamanism, in which traditional extatic initiation is replaced by fiction and writing techniques. Keywords : Postmodernism, Shamanism, Carlos Castaneda, altered states of consciousness, ethnomethodology, psychoanalysis Saman sau sarlatan In 1968, Carlos Castaneda, fost student al Universitatii California din Los Angeles (UCLA), publica o carte de etnografie, The Teachings of Don Juan: A Yaqui Way of Knowledge, care devine rapid un best-seller. In ea, Castaneda povesteste ca, in 1960, pe vremea când, student in antropologie, facea cercetari de teren in sudul Statelor Unite, a intâlnit un saman (diablero, brujo) din neamul indienilor Yaqui. Desi scopul sau era sa investigheze stiintific practicile samanice, Castaneda marturiseste a fi fost inghitit de sistemul de credinte pe care il cerceta, devenind din observator un ucenic al "benefactorului" sau, Juan Matus . Cartea clameaza a fi o transcriere relativ fidela a experientelor si a invataturilor primite de Carlos in acesti ani....
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Antropologie si samanism - Tradu in engleza “ruptura de...

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