Causes of The Civil War.pdf - Causes of the civil war 1...

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Causes of the civil war: 1. Sectionalism -Northern States = industry and immigrant labor, cities, fear of slavery -Southern States= agricultural, slave labor, rural, and fear of restriction of slavery will change way of life. 2. Balance of power in Congress shifts -Population grew in the North so did the political power -north can pass laws that hurt the south -south doesn’t like govt 3. Slavery in the territories -California wants statehood. - Wilmot Proviso: ban slavery in lands gained by Mexican war - south threatens to secede Compromise of 1850: Henry Clay Wrote What it states: 1. California is free 2. Fugitive slave laws 3. Popular Sovereignty Protest, Resistance, and Violence: - Fugitive slave act: slaves could be arrested without search warrant and returned to South Underground Railroad > Northerners would send slaves to Canada >pass personal liberty laws that guarantee slaves a jury and trial to delay their return > Harriet Tubman= 19 trips to the south 300 slaves freed Uncle Tom’s cabin > by Harriet Beecher stowe

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