Fundamental-eqn.handout

Fundamental-eqn.handout - Chem 331, Fall 2007 Summary Sheet...

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Chem 331, Fall 2007 Summary Sheet Criteria for spontaneity/equilibrium ( TdS đ q ) Constants Criterion None dS univ 0 (isolated system: dS 0) V , U dS 0 V , S dU 0 P , S dH 0 T , V dA 0 T , P dG 0 Fundamental Equations (reversible processes, only expansion work) dU = TdS PdV + μ i dn i i ! dH = TdS + VdP + i dn i i ! H = U + PV dA = – SdT PdV + i dn i i ! A = U – TS dG = – SdT + VdP + i dn i i !
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