What Social Movement Tactcis are Successful_.pdf - u2605...

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“Social movement research suggests that protest is effective because it de-legitimizes existing policies and imposes costs on power holders” “non-disruptive protest, such as rallies and demonstrations, has a positive effect on the probability that a university will create a Department of African-American Studies.” successful because they allow sympathetic administrators to act on behalf of political challenger “Disruptive protest, such as sit-ins and vandalism, has no significant effect” disruptive protests deprive administrators of the legitimacy needed to enact change. Protest and Organizational Change Gamson argued violent protests are more likely to succeed than nonviolent protests movements employing strikes, violence and other disruptive techniques are more able to draw attention to their goals, impose costs on political incumbents, and ultimately achieve their goals than movements using non-disruptive techniques.”

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