Final Study Guide.pdf - Introduction 1 What is an...

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Introduction1.What is an organization?
2.What is an institution?
3.Why are most organizations also institutions?
4.Why might an organization not be an institution?
5.What is a communal institution?
6.What is an associative institution?
7.Understand: how Weber understands the transition from antiquity to modernity as thetransformation from communal to associative institutions. For example: From the family
8.Why might organizations be more effective agents of social change than individuals?
9.The Rational Adaptation Perspective: assumptionsa.Organizations can “know” the world and figure out what their priorities ought tobe.b.Organizations can change their internal structure as necessary to accomplishtheir objectives.c.Organizational behavior is essentially adaptive.d.What organizations can and cannot do are functions of managers and other keyindividuals inside them.i.Organizational behavior is largely about self-direction toward rationallyovercoming obstacles & thus accomplishing organizational objectives10. The Rational Adaptation Perspective: criticismsa.Understand the criticisms of rational adaptation presented by our three majorparadigms: population ecology, the relational perspective, and institutionalistperspective.Population Ecology: position in social space determines constraints on, &opportunities for, actionInstitutionalist Perspective/Theory:
Cultural factors play a role in the propensity (natural way tobehave) to franchise, independent of economistic/geographicfactorsPeer pressure: the propensity to franchise among your industrypeers affects how much you franchiseOrganizational legacy: your propensity to franchise when your orgwas in its early stages affects how much you franchise in your laterstagesPopulation ecologyMain idea: properties of social space determines constraints on, and opportunities foraction.

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