29 - o Efficient – maker o Final – reason why it was...

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ST. ANSELM (1033-1109) “For this, too, I believe, that, unless I first believe, I shall not understand.” Belief in Christianity (1 st ) then understanding of Christianity (2 nd ) ST. THOMAS AQUINAS (1225-1274) - Aristotle’s Philosophy - Metaphysics; dualistic theory - Epistemology – no innate ideas - Aristotle’s Human Nature + immortal soul - Aristotle’s Ethics + Christian virtues METAPHYSICS: - Causality 4 causes of beings: o Material – stuff made of o Formal – essence = what makes it what it is
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Unformatted text preview: o Efficient – maker o Final – reason why it was made -Reasoned understanding (1 st ) then Christian belief (2 nd ) COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT-Know that there is a God by reason alone. -P1: If all beings are caused, then must be 1 st cause – Efficient Cause & Final Cause-P2: All beings in this world are caused-C: There is a God – 1 st – cause – Efficient cause & final cause of all...
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29 - o Efficient – maker o Final – reason why it was...

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