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06 - MODER ERA(1500 1900 Philosophers Rene Descarte(1596...

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MODER ERA (1500 – 1900) Philosophers: - Rene Descarte (1596 - 1650) – rationalist - John Lock (1632 – 1704) – empiricist - Immanuel Kant (1724 – 1804) – rationalist Question: How to reconcile philosophy and science? Background: Rise of modern science - Galileo (1564 – 1642) - Issac Newton (1642 – 1727) Existentialism - is any philosophy that stresses the unique individual the “I” who must find meaning to her or his own life by her or his own free own choices and commitment. Existentialist disillusionment with - The belief in modern scientific and technological progress toward an earthly utopia - Political utopia? - Question modern era? - Creates “EXISTENTIAL ANXIETY” EXISTENTIAL ANXIETY - My need to find the meaning of my life. THEISTIC EXISTENTIALISTS - Soren Kierkegaard (1813 – 1855) - Viktor Frankl (1905 – 1997) - Gabriel Marcel (1889 – 1973)
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Kierkegaard’s theory of 3 stages or spheres of human existence 1 st – “aesthetic” 2 nd – “ethical” 3 rd – “religious” AESTHETIC - He uses the original Greek meaning of feeling. A person who chooses to
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