psihologija exam #10

psihologija exam #10 - 1.

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1. It is characteristic of bears to hibernate. This behavior is an example of: A) an instinct. B) homeostasis. C) an incentive. D) a drive. Points Earned: 1.0/1 .0 Correct  Answer(s): A 2. An instinctive behavior is one that is: A) designed to reduce drives. B) triggered by a sexual incentive. C) similar in all living organisms. D) unlearned. Points Earned: 1.0/1 .0 Correct  Answer(s): D 3. Mr. Porter believes that aggression is an unlearned behavior characteristic  of all children. He obviously believes that aggression is a(n):
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A) incentive. B) homeostatic mechanism. C) instinct. D) drive. Points Earned: 1.0/1 .0 Correct  Answer(s): C 4. Which theory of motivation most clearly emphasizes the importance of  genetic predispositions? A) drive-reduction theory B) instinct theory C) hierarchy of needs theory D) arousal theory Points Earned: 1.0/1 .0 Correct  Answer(s): B 5. Psychologists have used four perspectives in their efforts to explain  motivation. These include an emphasis on instincts, optimum arousal, a  hierarchy of motives, and: A) drive reduction.
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B) 360-degree feedback. . C) refractory periods. D) basal metabolic rate. Points Earned: 1.0/1 .0 Correct  Answer(s): A 6. Unlike evolutionary theory, ________ theory has been accused of simply  naming rather than explaining behaviors. A) drive-reduction B) set point C) arousal D) instinct Points Earned: 1.0/1 .0 Correct  Answer(s): D 7. Food deprivation is to ________ as hunger is to ________. A) homeostasis; thirst B) incentive; instinct C) need; drive D) pornography; lust
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Points Earned: 1.0/1 .0 Correct  Answer(s): C 8. Which of the following is clearly not an example of an incentive? A) $1000 B) threat of punishment C) smell of popcorn D) dehydration Points Earned: 1.0/1 .0 Correct  Answer(s): D 9. Lack of body fluids is to cold water as ________ is to ________. A) need; incentive B) need; drive C) instinct; set point D) homeostasis; refractory period Points Earned: 1.0/1 .0 Correct  A
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Answer(s): 10. The arousal theory of motivation would be most useful for understanding  the aversive effects of: A) refractory periods. B) sexual disorders. C) hunger. D) boredom. Points Earned: 1.0/1 .0 Correct  Answer(s): D 11. For a hungry person, the consumption of food serves to: A) lower the set point. B) shorten the refractory period. C) maintain homeostasis. D) reduce blood glucose levels. Points Earned: 1.0/1 .0 Correct  Answer(s): C
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12. On some college football teams, players are rewarded for outstanding  performance with a gold star on their helmets. This practice best illustrates  the use of: A) set points. B) 360-degree feedback.
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psihologija exam #10 - 1.

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