51_TestBank_TB - Biology 7e(Campbell Chapter 51 Behavioral...

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Biology, 7e (Campbell) Chapter 51: Behavioral Ecology Chapter Questions 1) During a field trip, an instructor touched the body of a moth resting on a tree trunk. The moth raised its forewings to reveal large eye-spots on its hind wings. The instructor asked the class why the moth lifted its wings. One student answered that certain sensory receptors had fired and triggered a neuronal reflex culminating in the contraction of certain muscles. A second student responded that the behavior might frighten predators. Which statement best describes the students' explanations? A) The first response is correct, but the second is incorrect. B) The first response answers a proximate question, whereas the second answers an ultimate question. C) The first response is biological, whereas the second is philosophical. D) The first explanation is testable as a scientific hypothesis, whereas the second is not. E) Both explanations are reasonable and simply represent a difference of opinion. Answer: B Topic: Concept 51.1 Skill: Comprehension Use the following information to answer the questions below. When a female cat comes into heat, she urinates more frequently and in a large number of places. Male cats from the neighborhood congregate near urine deposits and fight with each other. 2) Which of the following is a proximate cause of this behavior of increased urination? A) It announces to the males that she is in heat. B) Female cats that did this in the past attracted more males. C) It is a result of hormonal changes associated with her reproductive cycle. D) The female cat learned the behavior from observing other cats. E) All of the above are ultimate causes of behavior. Answer: C Topic: Concept 51.1 Skill: Comprehension 3) Which of the following would be an ultimate cause of the male cats' response to the female's urinating behavior? A) The males have learned to recognize the specific odor of the urine of a female in heat. B) By smelling the odor, various neurons in the males' brains were stimulated. C) Male cats respond to the odor because it is a means of locating females in heat. D) Male cats' hormones are triggered by the odor released by the female. E) The odor serves as a releaser for the instinctive behavior of the males. Answer: C Topic: Concept 51.1 Skill: Comprehension 1
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4) Which of the following is a behavioral pattern that results from a proximate cause? A) A cat kills a mouse to obtain food. B) A male sheep fights with another male because it helps it to improve its social position and find a mate. C) A female bird lays its eggs because the amount of daylight is decreasing slightly each day. D) A goose squats and freezes motionless because that helps it to escape a predator. E) A cockroach runs into a crack in the wall and avoids being stepped on.
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51_TestBank_TB - Biology 7e(Campbell Chapter 51 Behavioral...

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