ANTHRO FINAL PART 2

ANTHRO FINAL PART 2 - Evolutionary psychology is a relatively new approach to the studying the evolution of human behavior There are other

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Evolutionary psychology is a relatively new approach to the studying the evolution of human behavior. There are other approaches : 1.Primate behavioral studies. 2.Fossil/archaeological record. 3. Hunter/gatherer studies. Evolutionary psychology is about cognitive mechanisms . -It uses a functional (adaptive) approach . Asks what is if for? -If we wanted to build a mechanism that did x, what would it look like? -It assumes that natural selection (of alternative alleles) built functional cognitive architectures just as it built functional hearts, lungs and livers. -It assumes that these cognitive architectures are specialized for particular functions , just as other organs are specialized for their jobs. Cognitive specialization: The mind is not a general-purpose computer. It is a collection of many mental organs . -Phoneme detector -grammar parser -face recognizer -emotion parser -relative motion computer -map builder -spatial updater -threat detector -cheater detector -kin detector -mate evaluator We refer to these as ( mental) modules. They are domain-specific cognitive adaptations. They handle certain kinds of input and produce certain kinds of output. Selection builds adaptations that address recurring problems. .. faced by our ancestors. Would the challenges of mate acquisition have been the same for ancestral males and females? Theory of sexual selection says probably not.
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2011 for the course ANTHRO 5 taught by Professor Gaulin during the Spring '09 term at UCSB.

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ANTHRO FINAL PART 2 - Evolutionary psychology is a relatively new approach to the studying the evolution of human behavior There are other

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