Richard III lecture - Introduction 18:35...

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Introduction 18:35 William Shakespeare (1564-1616) Born in Stratford 1564 Father a Glover In London 1580s o Actor and Playwright o Part owner of Globe Theatre 37 plays Retires 1611 Dies Stratford 1616 First Folio 1623 o Produced by his fellow actors in “The Kings Men” o Collection of plays “New” Portrait of Shakespeare c. 1603 Canadian painter Better captures the witty, funny and ironic Shakespeare Shakespeare’s Company A Stage at an Inn o Courtyard in the middle
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o Standing audience with stage thrusting out into courtyard o Controlled access (admission) Troupes (4 men and a boy) o Travel around o Play plays in noble houses and yards o Influenced Shakespeare’s plays (often the Vice-trickster) Tradition of Professional Theater 1576 James Burbage builds The Theater in London 1580s First generation of playwrights including Thomas Kyd  (Hamlet) and  Christopher Marlowe 1590s Shakespeare active: the second wave London becomes a cosmopolitan  Elizabethans went to “HEAR” a play, not “SEE” o It’s the language that matters most in plays Elizabethan Theater Standing for some (1 penny) Galleries for others (2 pennies) At least 2 doors (entrance and exit) Columns holding up canopies (the heavens) o Protect actor’s costumes o Very valuable (cast off from Duke’s and noble’s clothing) Daylight Performance 2-4PM No light barriers Play without breaks Boys in women’s roles o Not illegal; just not custom to have women No illusionistic scenery o Actors can talk directly to audience members Plays were played with great speed
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Richard III: Evil as a Body Can Be 18:35 I. Introductory
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Richard III: Evil as a Body Can Be 18:35 II. Richard on Film III. Richard on Stage Richard Burbage (1568-1619) Created role of Richard c. 1592, also Hamlet, Othello, etc. One of two most famous actors Famous London actor Competing actor, Edward Allen David Garrick (1717-1779) Played Richard III Laurence Olivier (1907-1989) Movie (1955) Best actor of Richard Ian McKellan (1939- ) Movie 1995 Contemporary/modern film
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Richard III: Evil as a Body Can Be 18:35 Quarto 1597 1 st  publication of Shakespeare’s time The  tragedy  of King Richard III First Folio (1623) “Catalogue” casted as a  history  of King Richard III o fits a certain period of English History o Henry VI plays (3)    } o Richard III               } c. 1590-92 o
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