notes 2 - 07:42 LECTURE12 TheRomanticSong Tuesday,May11th

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07:42 LECTURE 12 The Romantic Song Tuesday, May 11 th Announcements and Reminders Outline Romanticism and the 19 th  Century Middle-Class Music Making The Song Schubert –  Erlking R. Schumann –  In the Lovely Month of May Paper Two Instructions The Romantic Era (1820-1900) Introduction to the  Romantic Era Congress of Vienna (1814-1815) o Rise of nationalism o Decline of patronage Industrial revolution hits its stride o Concentration of population in cities o Benefited musical instrument industry
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Middle class is now a major force o Middle-class music making Arts and Culture in the Romantic Era A reaction against the rationality of the previous century o Focus on the individual and expression of the self Some important  themes: o Nationalism Exoticism o Interest in  folklore supernatural o Man v. Nature Middle-Class Music Making More money and leisure time o Could purchase instruments More music available The Romantic Song Popular in the 19 th  century o Allowed for intimate personal expression o Combined music and poetry o Descriptive imagery and folk style Salon:  A recurring social gathering, typically in a private home, for the  purpose of performing and discussing artistic works, as well as other  intellectual topics. Genre: Lied:  The German word for “song”; generally used to specify a short  work for vocalist and piano accompaniment. [plural: Lieder]
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Lied Forms: Strophic:  A section of music repeats with different words each time. o Lyric poetry:  short poem on one subject expressing a personal feeling or  viewpoint Through-composed:  No large-scale repetition; the entire song is one large  unit. o Ballade:  narrative or dialogue; usually deals with romantic adventure or  supernatural incidents Franz Schubert (1797-1828) born in Vienna one of the earliest Romantic age composers wrote symphonies and chamber music, but best known for his lieder o wrote more than 600 songs Erlking  (1815) genre: Lied text is a poem by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe form: through-composed legend: Erlkonig or Erlking or Elfking? o From Denmark o A little like the grim reaper Setting: dark and stormy night Four characters, one singer o Narrator (middle range) o father (low range) o son (high range)
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o Erlking (middle range and change of tone) o Piano=horse Romantic themes: o Supernatural o Folklore Genre: Song Cycle:  A set of songs (or Lieder) written by a composer as a set.   The songs in a song cycle are typically connected by common musical and  thematic elements and were ideally  intended to be performed together as one large work. Robert Schumann (1810-1856)
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 1 taught by Professor Mullin during the Spring '11 term at UCSB.

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notes 2 - 07:42 LECTURE12 TheRomanticSong Tuesday,May11th

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