NOTES - INTRO 3/30/10 The Power of Music -journal...

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INTRO 18:02 3/30/10 The “Power” of Music -journal assignment: to be completed before your discussion on the topic -24 hour long of instances when you hear music -ex: 10:00AM-listened to the “Rocky” soundtrack during a run -certain types of music helps me workout at higher intensity 6:30PM-Mozart during study time -classical music helps me study better -section assignment -five excerpts on the topic -TA will lead discussion -First Paper topic: -explore the “power” of music -introduction -discuss two selections from the readings for this week -summarize, interpret, discuss -compare and contrast -discuss your own opinion on the nature of the music -agree or disagree with the authors of the excerpts -examples -conclusion -due Tuesday April 13 th @ 11:00AM -3-3.5 pages, typed, double-spaced, 1-inch margins MUSIC FUNDAMENTALS: -Two types of sounds -pitched -un-pitched - pitch -The perceived “highness” or “lowness” of a sound resulting form the frequency of the sound wave’s vibration - rhythm -the controlled movement of sound over time -how things are emphasized - melody -a melody is a succession of single pitches perceived by the mind a s a larger unit -it is a tune -how do we describe melodies? -use common adjectives -calm, exciting, solemn, energetic
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-some technical terms -conjunct-notes and pitches are close together -disjunct-very wide gaps and huge leaps - meter -organization of rhythm into recurring patterns of typically two ( duple meter), three ( triple meter), or four beats ( quadruple meter) -listen for an emphasis on the first beat of the group - meter -duple/quadruple-“I gotta feeling”-Black Eyed Peas -triple-”Gravity”-John Mayer
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INSTRUEMENTS, ENSEMBLES, CONCERTS 18:02 4/1/10
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INSTRUEMENTS, ENSEMBLES, CONCERTS 18:02 INSTRUEMENTS, ENSEMBLES, CONCERTS Musical Instruments Westren Instrument “Families” - Strings -violin, viola, cello, bass, harp, guitar - woodwinds -flute, oboe, bassoon, clarinet, saxophone - brass -trumpet, trombone, tuba, French horn - percussion -drums, xylophone, marimba, bells Instruments in the Middle Ages (476-1450) -few instruments survive -simple designs and mechanisms -large amount of variation -often have specific uses -drums and trumpets (military reasons authority) -horns (animal or metal hunting calls used by Sheppards) Instruments in the Renaissance (1450-1600) -More complex, but still not standardized -regional differences -wind instruments lacked keys and valves -families of instruments often played together in groups called consorts Instruments in the Baroque Era (1600-1750) -familiar instruments begin to appear in simpler versions -smaller ranges and more difficult to control
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INSTRUEMENTS, ENSEMBLES, CONCERTS 18:02 -brass instruments were “natural” -lacked valves Modern Instruments -most instruments found their final form at some point in the 1800s -very little has changed since 1900 -instruments invented in the 20 th century have rarely been added to the orchestra -wind instruments have complex key mechanisms
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NOTES - INTRO 3/30/10 The Power of Music -journal...

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