PSYCH FINAL - Memory: Ebbinghaus & CVCs Herman...

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Memory: Herman Ebbinghaus worked in 1880’s on early studies of memories. Invented CVC’s (Consonant. Vowel. Consonant.) CVCs are better remembered if they can be associated with something (e.g. your initials or being a word) Forgetting is caused by a protein which is produced to prevent remembering unimportant information. Forgetting curve discovered by Ebbinghaus, means that the time since initial stimuli is inverse to the amount of stimuli remembered Verbal Memory Type of memory studied the most. Type of memory used to remember names, dates, and explicit directions. Visual-spatial Memory Sense of direction. Men have more of this than women; high testosterone women have more than regular testosterone women. Motor Memory “muscle memory” things like walking, riding a bike. Playing a sport. Playing an instrument. Its physical movement memory such as writing a signature Tactile Memory Remembering what sandpaper feels like. For use of identifying what a sensory input is. Autonomic Memory A memory that causes an uncouncious physical response to an experience (e.g. remember sucking on a lemon and you salivate. Walk into a certain room and you get a creepy crawly feeling(getting creeped out)) Atkinson Schriffin Memory Model Model of memory storage. Sensory experience iconic memory working memory long-term memory. Nature of Iconic Memory (sensory store) “freezeframe” of a sensory experience. Exists for all senses (afterimage for vision, echohearing for hearing, feeling things for an extra second etc.) Characteristics of working (short-term) memory Holds only a few items (5-7 typically). Last only a very short period (~30”). Requires sustained attention. Very vulnerable to distraction. Circulating (the items in your working memory cycle). Verbal STM often tested using memory span test. Aided by chunking. Best seen as “scratchpad.” Organizes info for consolidation into LTM
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Characteristics of Long Term Memory Capacity limits are unknown. Subcategories are recalled and performed memories. They can occur independently or simultaneously Recalled Memory Declarative (explicit) memory. Can be episodic or semantic. Any type of long term memory that isn’t motor. Performed Memory Procedural (implicit) memory. You can quit and get it back like riding a bike. Can be quick reactions like swearing when you hurt yourself even if you have dysphasia. Incidental vs. intentional Incidental memories are events or qualities you remember without consciously meaning to. They are less common than intentional memories. Intentional memories are experience or qualities you try to remember. Explicit vs. Implicit Explicit memory is can be expressed with words like a story or describing an object. Implicit memory can only be taught through
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2011 for the course SOCIOLOGY 1 taught by Professor Mullin during the Spring '11 term at UCSB.

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PSYCH FINAL - Memory: Ebbinghaus & CVCs Herman...

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