Buddhism - Buddhism Mahayana Vajrayana China Tibet...

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Old age Sickness Death monk The four sights at age 29 view thought speech conduct livelihood effort mindfulness meditations Right: The eight fold path Conditioned-arising Sri Lanka Myanmar (Burma) Thailand Cambodia Laos Theravada ( Hinayana) Tibet Bhutan Nepal Mongolia (some forms of tantric Buddhism are also practiced in Japan and China) Vajrayana China North and South Korea Mongolia Japan Taiwan Singapore (Vietnam) Mahayana Foundation Teachings of the Buddha: There is suffering in samsara Suffering arises from desire There can be an end to our suffering The end of suffering can be attained through following the eightfold path Four Noble Truths: Buddhist monks: bhiksu Buddhist nuns: bhiksuni Laymen Laywomen Buddhist Community Destroying the life of sentient beings o Taking things not given o Sexual misconduct o False speech o Intoxicants o Refraining from: Five Precepts abstaining from eating after noon o abstaining from dancing, singing, music, the use of perfumes and ornaments o abstaining from using high and luxurious seats o On the holy days, three additional precepts are observed: There is suffering in samsara Suffering arises from desire There can be an end to our suffering The end of suffering can be attained through following the eightfold path Duhkha (Suffering ) Buddhism originated in the religious context of the 6 th cent B.C. India As part of the sramana movement Teaching of the impermanence of the Human self or soul ( atman ): anatman = no self Social egalitarianism (reacted to the oppressive nature of „Hinduism‟ or Brahmanical Hinduism) “middle way” Innovations Siddhartha Gautama
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Buddhism - Buddhism Mahayana Vajrayana China Tibet...

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