Jainism - Jainism RLGA01 Lecture 6 Jainism Arose in...

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A religion of asceticism Exemplifies the “way of works” ( karmamarga ) Closely related to the principle of “non - violence” ( ahimsa ) Arose in reaction to changing conditions of Indian life and religious systems. The sixth century CE in India saw a rising class of merchants and property owners. Also a period of great social and intellectual ferment. Traditional religious beliefs and practices were questioned. Many began to question the efficacy of the Vedic tradition, with new elites coming into power with no access to Vedic means. RLGA01 Lecture 6 Jainism New religious and philosophical groups surfaced, rejecting the basic claims of the Vedic tradition, while asserting what they saw as reality of the universe can be attained by human beings of any caste through meditation. These groups were known as the sramana (lit. “Strivers”). They abandoned the family and strict orthopraxy (rules of ritually proper behaviour), giving up normal work and social status to live as mendicants. Jainism and Buddhism are traditions of this sramana movement. The hereditary priesthood, along with its sacrifices and other rituals, was rejected. Compared with Hinduism, Jainism has been more disciplined and systematic. It has been described as an ethical religion
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Jainism - Jainism RLGA01 Lecture 6 Jainism Arose in...

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