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Assignment 5.1: Theory Critique 0Jacquelyn BobergMaryville UniversityAssignment 5.1:Theory Project- Theory CritiqueNur 600
Assignment 5.1: Theory Critique 1Theory Critique: Patricia BennerPatricia Benner’s Novice to Expert Model of Nursing will be critiqued using the method by Fawcett and DeSanto-Madeya’s analysis and evaluation of nursing models. In this paper, I will analyze my chosen theory in the categories of its origin, focus. I will also evaluate the origin, content, logical congruence, generation, and legitimacy (Meleis, 2018). Analysis OriginsPatricia Benner built her theory of novice to expert off a model curated by the Dreyfus brothers Model of Skill Acquisition (Davis & Maisano, 2016). Benner was able to adapt this model and relate it to nursing in a way that allowed for the continuing evaluation of nurses within their respected fields to gauge their progress and knowledge base. The model shows the progression ofan individual in the early stages of their knowledge development, novice, and continues through three more stages: advanced beginner, competent, proficient, before ending as an expert. Benner was able to test the Dreyfus model and implement it as a nursing theory by observing over one-hundred and twenty nurses (Benner, 1982). During this observation, she was able to identify thirty-one nursing skills she deemed of most importance. FocusBenner's focus was, ultimately, to allow the nurse to reflect on their growth and knowledge development through the five stages (Davis & Maisano, 2016). Benner believed the nurse continues to grow and expand on the base of their knowledge not only through formal teaching but, more importantly, by building on their knowledge through experiences. When a nurse can
Assignment 5.1: Theory Critique 2obtain the highest level as an expert, they are then able to provide the highest level of quality care and quality patient outcomes (Benner, 1982).

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