Chapter_14

Chapter_14 - | Chapter 14: Designing Organizations Chapter...

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Unformatted text preview: | Chapter 14: Designing Organizations Chapter 14 Designing Organizations CHAPTER OVERVIEW In Chapter 14, we first note how environmental factors, strategic choices, and technological factors can influence the design of an organization. Then, we introduce and compare mechanistic and organic organizations and show how each type reflects a basic design decision. Strategic choices made by top managers also influence the structure of the organization. Next, we describe the functional, place, product, and multidivisional bases of design and the requirements for their integration. Finally, we describe two emerging approaches to organization design: multinational and network organizations. These designs are intended to overcome the limitations of the others in the face of complex, diverse, and changing environments, technologies, and business strategies. LEARNING GOALS Upon completion of this chapter, the students should be able to: Explain how environmental, strategic, and technological factors affect the design of organizations. State the differences between mechanistic and organic organizations. Describe four foundation organization designsfunctional, place, product, and multidivisional. Describe two contemporary organization designsmultinational and network. 210 | Chapter 14: Designing Organizations CHAPTER OUTLINE I. Learning from Experience: Lowes Companies, Inc. II. Key Factors in Organization Design A. Environmental Factors B. Strategic Factors C. Communication CompetencyStarbucks Coffee D. Technological Factors III. Mechanistic and Organic Organizations A. Hierarchy of Authority B. Division of Labor C. Rules and Procedures D. Across Cultures Competency How to Make Factories Play Fair E. Impersonality F. Chain of Command G. Span of Control IV. Foundation Organization Designs A. Organizational Design Options B. Functional Design C. Place Design D. Product Design E. Multidivisional (M-Form) Design V. Contemporary Organization Designs A. Multinational Design B. Change Competency Procter & Gambles Organizational Realignment C. Network Design D. Change CompetencyFedEx VI. Chapter Summary A. Key Terms and Concepts B. Discussion Questions VII. Experiential Exercise and Case A. Experiential Exercise: Communication CompetencyAnalyzing Your Organizations Design B. Case: Change CompetencyThe Organization on Wheels: SEI 211 Chapter 14: Designing Organizations | 212 KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS Twenty-six key terms and concepts are developed in Chapter 14. The key terms and concepts, along with definitions or appropriate descriptions, are as follows: Bureaucracy: a system of rules and regulations designed to enhance an organizations efficiency....
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2011 for the course MGMT 6131 taught by Professor Flynn during the Winter '10 term at GCSU.

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Chapter_14 - | Chapter 14: Designing Organizations Chapter...

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