Lecture 8 - 27.01.11

Lecture 8 - 27.01.11 - The person calculates the advantages...

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27 th January 2011 Psych 178 – Lecture 8 The Person as a Decision Maker You are at a horse race and there are a number of horses running and each horse has a probability of winning and a payoff and you have to choose where to place your money. Expectancy value theory says that what determines your choice is what are you going to get and what are your odds of getting it? The ultimate goal of life is hedonic. Not to maintain balance or to expand your gene pool. To achieve maximum gain with minimal loss. It assumes people are selfish and act out of self interest. o Take a group of rats with the tendency to turn right and breed them so that they all eventually turn right. There is food at the right side of the maze. You do not know if the rat turns right because of evolutionary history or if it is how it maximizes its gains because it is a selfish rat. You either argue it must – it is a machine or it is a choice – a choice that leads to a gain.
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Unformatted text preview: The person calculates the advantages and then make a decision. According to this theory you will always make the choice that maximizes your gain but it does not take into account other factors that influence your choice. Digit Symbol Substitution Test • Most people aspire to do better, which is why we usually experience disappointment. • Affect is not a function of actual performance, it is performance relative to aspiration. o If you wanted a C in a class and you got a B, you feel great. o If you wanted an A in a class and got a B, you feel lousy. • Affect is consistent with your aspiration. But why do some people who succeed feel bad and some people who fail feel good? • Then there can either be a typical or atypical shift where you raise your aspiration after success and lower your aspiration after failure (adaptive) or you can succeed but lower your aspiration or you fail and you raise your aspiration....
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