Lecture 8

Lecture 8 - Psych 135 Lecture 8 Self Esteem Class exercise...

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Psych 135 – Lecture 8 Self Esteem Class exercise Close your eyes, think about your friends and how good of a friend you are to your friends. Do you think you are a better friend to your friends than 10% of UCLA students? Keep hand raised. Do you think you are at least as good a friend as 20% of UCLA students? Do you think you are at least as good as 30-50% of students at UCLA? Open eyes and look around with hand raised. Pretty much anyone who raised their hand for 10% kepts their hand up for 50% and 90% of us are better friends to our friends than 50% of people. This is statistically impossible. This is an example of positive illusions . o Illusions of how good we are in a whole range of domains. In every domain people say they are better than 75% of people. Positive Illusions’ Self-serving biases (Shelley Taylor, UCLA) “Where everyone is better than average” Garrison Keillor – Lake Wobegon o Fictional town. Everyone is better than average and this is statistically impossible but most people think that they are better than average at most general dimensions. Self-serving bias makes you look better than other people. It makes you seem better in some way but is not necessarily tied to the truth or reality. Why do we give responses that are biased to be more favourable about ourselves? o When 80% of people say that they are better than average, then at least half of these people are correct. o We make this mistake because we like to think that we are our ideal self and not just something we aspire to. o Memory is more distinct for certain types of behaviours than others. o What counts as the neutral point? How do you know where the scale really? If we do not know where the scale points are, we will be biased, but not necessarily in a way that benefits ourselves but we always use scale points that are favourable to us. o You have more information about yourself and why you engage in your behaviour than the intentions of other people. o The people that we think about being friends to might not be appropriate samples for this example. o People on the street will say something along the lines of “people want to think they are awesome so they lie to themselves.” Why do we give biased answers? Cognitive mechanisms o Others don’t give us negative feedback (reasonable high SE?) Either say nothing and continue hanging out with your friend or they stop spending time with you. However, when you think about your friends not spending time with you any more, you come up with other reasons other than they don’t like you for why this happened. o Think of how your friends would answer about you Your friends would say nice things about you. They would say I was “great” and this is above average, regardless of the scale. o
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2011 for the course PSYCH 135 taught by Professor Lieberman during the Fall '08 term at UCLA.

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Lecture 8 - Psych 135 Lecture 8 Self Esteem Class exercise...

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