Lecture 11

Lecture 11 - Psych 135 Lecture 11 Attribution Heider and...

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Psych 135 – Lecture 11 Attribution Heider and Simmel Demo You give the felt shapes genders and relationships but they are in fact nothing more than felt shaped being moved around on a table. Most people do this, apart from people who are autistic Ikea Ad People feel bad for the lamp, but like the man says “you people are crazy, the lamp has no feelings.” Inferring (invisible) mental states Automatically infer mental states of triangles and lamps (goals, histories and responses). Just think what we do for other humans Natural to describe movements in terms of intentions , desires , and affective states Can you see intentions, desires, and states? o Not really What is reasonable to infer? o Traits States Intention Behaviour (broad) (narrow) Example: o Generally angry person ( trait ) more likely to be in angry state ( state ) and thus more likely to want to respond in hostile fashion ( intention ) and more likely to actually be hostile ( behaviour ). What do we actually infer (incorrectly) o Behaviour Intention State Trait inference WRONG – inferring the consequent Why do we infer? o It is useful to know the states and traits of others but we only get to see behaviours o Empathy and predicting future behaviour How do we make attributions? What causes a golf ball to roll? Dispositional factors (traits) o The ball is round Situational factors o Someone hits the ball with a golf club Two usually go together, but people come up with one and usually ignore the other Why did Joe kick Fido? Joe kicked Fido because he was angry? Why was Joe angry? Dispositional factors (traits) o Joe has a bad temper in general Situational factors o Fido bit him first How do we decide if Joe has a bad temper, in general? We want to see what Joe does in general What happens in different situations across time? o Hostile over time no matter what
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o Hostile when he is attacked and lost his job but not on his birthday or when he is at a restaurant on a date. Covariation Model Distinctiveness o Is Joe mean to a lot of folks? o If yes, suggests he may have a bad temper Consensus o Is everyone mean to Fido? o
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2011 for the course PSYCH 135 taught by Professor Lieberman during the Fall '08 term at UCLA.

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Lecture 11 - Psych 135 Lecture 11 Attribution Heider and...

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