Lecture 13

Lecture 13 - Psych 135 Lecture 13 Prejudice and...

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Psych 135 – Lecture 13 Prejudice and Stereotyping Which of these men is a murderer? Everyone thinks that it is the black man, even though no one will admit it. In fact, the three white men are murderers and the other man is an award winning kindergarten teacher from San Francisco. The Look of Death The man on the left is the real picture and the picture on the right is darkened and given him more African American features. Most people think that the man on the right is guilty. African Americans were being sentenced to either receive the death penalty or life in prison. Those who had more stereotypically Black features were 15% more likely to get the death penalty purely on their appearance. Defining Terms Stereotypes : Beliefs that associate a group of people with certain traits. Can be positive or negative. o Cognition – beliefs about what is true about certain groups. o Can they be true? Groups vs. individuals – If you only apply it at a group level, it can be true. e.g. Basketball players are tall. But not all basketball players are tall. Stereotypes have three inaccuracies: not an accurate assessment of group at all, accurate assessment of group but not when applied indiscriminately to individuals, something can be true at the group level but we do not know why it is true. o Inaccurate understanding of causes. Dispositions vs. situations. Prejudice : Negative feelings/attitudes towards other because of their group membership o Affect Discrimination : Negative behaviours towards others because of their group membership o Behaviour – race, age and gender are the most discriminated against. We respond differently to people based on race, age and gender within milliseconds. Up until 25 years ago, it was studied in terms of explicit stereotyping, prejudice and discrimination where they simply asked people what they thought of Black people. o Percentage of African Americans who are superstitious, lazy, ignorant, etc. From 1933 to 1967 to 1993, drops drastically. However, it is more likely that it is not our conscious beliefs that have changed but we now know that it is not okay to admit to it. For the last 25 years, research has focused on implicit stereotyping. Implicit Association Test
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Lecture 13 - Psych 135 Lecture 13 Prejudice and...

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