Lecture 4 - 05.10.10

Lecture 4 - 05.10.10 - 5th October 2010 SEAS 1 Lectu re 4...

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5 th October 2010 SEAS 1 – Lecture 4 Post-Colonial Development and Economic Policy in Southeast Asia Colonialism and Resource Exploitation Traditional views and uses of nature : something that was to be conquered in the name of progress. It was viewed as having unlimited quantities of resources. It did not matter how you did it, there was no sense of protecting the environment. It was just a sense of extracting as much as possible as cheaply as possible. Colonialism and resource extraction : substantially focused on exploitation of natural resources. The colonial overlords were drawn by the rich natural resources, they may have helped to cover the cost of managing these countries. o Technologies of extraction : They used technologies that were there (elephants) but there was also an introduction of plantation crops such as tobacco plantations in Indonesian islands, rubber plantations in Malaysia/Indonesia. This was a way to grow and then harvest natural resources that there was a huge global demand for. o Commercialisation of resources : Many people were needed for this exploitation and working on plantations was very brutal, many people died. Tens of thousands of workers (Chinese) were brought in and recruited as workers. They intended to go home, they were sending money home, but many wound up staying. Plantation cropping : Requires large-scale clearing of forest and land – vulnerable to soil erosion. Mono-cropping – pest infestation, depletion of natural resources. Periodic large scale forest fires due to attempts to clear areas for plantation cropping. Commodity Extraction-Based Economies – heavily dependent on the extraction of natural resources Colonies’ industry kept limited : European colonial overlords discouraged industrialization of SE Asian countries. They were mainly focused on primary production and they had no manufacturing economy, meaning that post- independence economies were heavily extraction based. They were very reliant on the global commodity prices. You have no control over your economic success. “import substitution” : Due to the lack of manufacturing industry, they had to export a lot of their primary commodities and then import manufactured goods for a
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much higher price. This is very common in countries that have been colonised and
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2011 for the course SEAS 1 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at UCLA.

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Lecture 4 - 05.10.10 - 5th October 2010 SEAS 1 Lectu re 4...

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