Lecture 5 - 07.10.10

Lecture 5 - 07.10.10 - 7th October 2010 SEAS 1 Lecture 5...

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7 th October 2010 SEAS 1 – Lecture 5 Land Issues in Southeast Asia General Issues Regarding Land Land-holding patterns : o Private : o Communal : o State : o Religious : usually land donated to monasteries. Land-owning status : o Landlord : owned a lot of land and leased it out to people for lots of money o Landowner : people who only have enough land to sustain their own needs o Tenant : do not own any of their own land but rent land from landlords. They pay either a fixed cash payment or a certain percentage of their crop. o Labourer : They help the crop during the planting season. They don’t own any land or rent any land. They simply work on the land when the landlord or landowner needs some extra help on the field Loss of Land : An unequal distribution of land across different parts of SEA. More and more land gets concentrated in the hands of fewer and fewer landlords. If you have a lot of power, you can merely kick your neighbours off and they can do nothing about it. You can also quietly take state owned land near your own land by planting on it and acquiring on the sly. Many collaborators during the colonial period were given land by colonial overlords. Land also changes hand through money-lenders who would lend money to the poor and the poor would use their land as collateral. They mortgaged their land and often could not pay for their land and the land is taken by the money-lenders. So people end up with no land/not enough land or a lot of land. Demographic Growth : the more people you have on a smaller amount of land, the harder it is for everyone to get by. As a family grows, the land is constantly being shared by more and more people. Changing value of land : Modern Population Growth Statistics of SEA Growth : Southeast Asia Population Trends (1800 1900 2000) o Total SEA Population: 28M 82.1M 520.3M o Island of Java: 6M 30M 125M o Vietnam: 5M 13.5M 78.1M o Philippines: 2M 7.5M 75.7M Reasons for growth : Growth is due to the fact that quality of life is better, more people survive and the population grows. Better food, more people survive. The reduction of warfare means that not as many people are dying due to conflict and this contributes to the overall population. Consequences : Solutions to Land-Population Imbalances Land Reform Cases : The government deals with this by engaging in land reform. The land needs to be more equally distributed between the people. If there are too many people without enough land or with no land, they are potentially volatile section of society and they may go into
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resistance or into an uprising against the state. They will do whatever they need to do to survive. For political stability, everyone is given the minimal amount of land needed to survive.
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2011 for the course SEAS 1 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at UCLA.

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Lecture 5 - 07.10.10 - 7th October 2010 SEAS 1 Lecture 5...

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