Lecture 6 - 12.10.10

Lecture 6 - 12.10.10 - 12th October 2010 SEAS 1 Lecture 6...

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12 th October 2010 SEAS 1 – Lecture 6 Cities, Urbanisation, and Migration Issues in Southeast Asia Models of Urbanisation: Ways to think about Cities A nexus where power emanates to other parts of the country. It is the power and economic center. Global forces come to bear on SEA through the cities. They are the gateways to SEA for the rest of the world. They are dispersed through the cities. They are microchosms of economic division: you can see the huge disparities between the rich and the poor. Historical Urbanisation in Southeast Asia Sacred Centers : e.g. Angkor Wat, cities that develop as ritual centers for powerful rulers. The construction of these cities were closely linked to the power of the rulers. Each successive ruler had to add to Angkor as a show of their power, they could not simply inherit the land from the ruler that came before them. Trading or Entrepot Centers : Cities that develop as centers for trading activity. They are always located on coastal areas and they developed as points for the exchange of goods. Religious cities tended to be inland more and away from outside influences. Garrison City: The Vietnamese Case : During the first 1000 years of Chinese occupation and control of Vietnam, they built walled citadels to keep their troops in to keep control. Colonial Cities and Beyond Patterns : Were used to send the products that the colonized country was forced to produce to the colonial overlord and other global countries. o Kinds of colonial cities/capitals : Some were built from scratch, such as Manila, Jakarta, Rangoon while others existed before the colonial overlords came, like Phnom Penh and Singapore. They became the economic centers where banks, shipping centers were set up. Cities were where they introduced new technologies which were to be spread to rural areas. o Hill Stations : The colonial powers built cities at higher elevations in all SE Asian colonies as places that they could escape from the oppressive tropical heat during the worst of the summers. These were built as small cities at higher elevations with cooler temperatures. Sometimes, the entire colonial administration would flee to these hill stations at one time and rule the country from there. These cities now have a lot of surviving colonial architecture, more so than in the primary urban centers where colonial buildings were torn down to build skyscrapers. Plural Cities: Ethnicity and division of labour : Plural cities are cities that are ethnically diverse that had not only local and Europeans but also other ethnics such as Indians and Chinese coming in as labourers. There are also small Arabic populations (from before the colonial period). Places with plural societies become quite divided in terms of labour by ethnicities. There is a strict division where there is an understanding where particular ethnicities find themselves working. The division of labour comes from the idea that different ethnic groups played different ethnic
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2011 for the course SEAS 1 taught by Professor Staff during the Fall '09 term at UCLA.

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Lecture 6 - 12.10.10 - 12th October 2010 SEAS 1 Lecture 6...

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