Lecture 15 - 16.11.10

Lecture 15 - 16.11.10 - 16th November 2010 SEAS 1 Lecture...

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16 th November 2010 SEAS 1 – Lecture 15 Authoritarianism in Post-Colonial Southeast Asia Burma Update and excerpt from “Burma VJ” (2008) Danish filmmaker gave Burma journalists some handheld video recorders to give an insider perspective of what happened in Burma. Any news about Burma in newspaper articles do not have authors because they are not allowed into the country but have to go in as tourists and write articles which they send out and publishing their names would expose them as journalists. Irawaddy.org - established as a non-profit organization focused on detailed coverage of what is going on in Burma. Put together by people who are exiled and a large number of people working inside the country sending out news reports, pictures, etc. Election in Burma has been overshadowed by the release of Aung San Suu Kyi from years of house arrest. Brief Survey of Post-Colonial states Burma : authoritarian, run by the military Cambodia : eventually brought out of the Khmer Rouge terror in 1993 and since then has had series of elections but a state that is controlled by one man: Hun Sen. Singapore and Malaysia : strict rules on participation in elections. Singapore is not a one party state but close to it. Indonesia : suffered under military rule from 1965 to 1998. Why did virtually all post-independence Southeast Asian countries become authoritarian in one form or another? Colonialism : This has profoundly shaped the course of modern SEA. It is an undemocratic form of political control. Pretty authoritarian control over countries by European countries. SEA’s first experience with European politics is authoritarian government instead of democratic government. Secret police, censorship, media controls were all enforced during the colonial period. Colonialism contributed to economic divisions between rich and poor, small elites collaborated with the Europeans emerged in the period. This contributed to the disparity and rising communist movements as a way to deal with this economic problem of the gap between rich and poor. This contributed to a number of consequences. Post-colonial Economic realities
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Lecture 15 - 16.11.10 - 16th November 2010 SEAS 1 Lecture...

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