Lecture 18 - 30.11.10

Lecture 18 - 30.11.10 - 30 th November 2010 SEA 1 Lecture...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: 30 th November 2010 SEA 1 Lecture 18 Religious Tensions in Contemporary Southeast Asia Religious Tensions in Southeast Asia Essential Patterns are: o Conflict between the state and particular religious groups or particular religions o Conflict between members of different religious groups within a society : Folk religions are facing enormous pressure from the state because they are seen as backward and a threat. Rohingya Muslims in Burma are prosecuted in this mostly Buddhist country. There are tensions between Christians and Muslims in the Philippines. In Vietnam there is pressure by the state on specific religious groups like Catholics and Buddhists. o Conflicts between members of a religious majority and other members of that society Case Studies o Islamic-Christian Tensions in the Southern Philippines Mindanao : There is a religious standoff but there is regular contact between Mindanao and the rest of the Philippines. In 1968 there is the formation of the Moro National Liberation Front which was a peaceful movement advocating for independence but was unsuccessful to gain autonomy and transformed into an armed struggle. This took place when Marcos was the military dictator of the Philippines and he provoked a military response from the MLF and there was much militarization of this group. There is also an internationalization of this conflict because the Muslims appeal abroad for help and much wealth is brought in to back the Muslims, especially from the Middle East. This conflict continues to linger Historical Changes : During the period of American colonialism in the 1900s, the rapid population expansion and pressures developed on Luzon so more people were moved from the northern islands towards Mindanao. This initially had little effect but it was more of a trickle in the first half of the 20 th century. After WWII there was an active resettlement campaign that brought more Christians into Mindanao in much larger numbers and had a significant demographic impact. In the 1950s and 60s Muslims become the minority and it becomes clear to the Muslims that they are being swamped by this influx of Christians from the northern Philippines. There were also rich mineral resources so the government in Manila took an interest in this area and Christians who were associated with the government tended to be those who benefited and became wealthy. With increasing number of Filipino Catholics moving into Mindanao, the Muslims started advocating for independence from Manila. Modern developments Moro National Liberation Front : In 1968 there is the formation of the Moro National Liberation Front which was a peaceful movement advocating for independence but was unsuccessful to gain autonomy and transformed into an armed struggle. This took place when Marcos was the military dictator of the Philippines and he provoked a military response from the MNLF and there was much militarization of this group. There is also an internationalization of this conflict because the Muslims appeal abroad for help and much...
View Full Document

Page1 / 4

Lecture 18 - 30.11.10 - 30 th November 2010 SEA 1 Lecture...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online