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Unformatted text preview: 03.03.10 History 10B – Lecture 15 The Liberation of South Africa in Four-Part Ha rmony & Mandela’s Legacy Four Nobel Peace P rize Winners • Chief Albert Luthuli (d. 1967) – Received 1960; President ANC 1950s-1960s o “ No true peace and progress can be secured in any country as long as there are others in that country denied full democratic r ights and duties ” • Desmond Tutu (1933 - ) – Received in 1984. 1978 became the first black General Secretary of the South African Council of Churches • F. W. De Klerk (1936 -) – Received in 1993. Former Min. of Ed. And then PM of SA; unbanned the ANC and freed Mandela. • Nelson Mandela (1918 - ) – Received in 1993. Building Apartheid in South Africa • Roots in T reaty of Vereeniging ending South African War , 1899-1902 • British win war, but promise not to enfranchise Africans before giving representative government to Boers. o To uphold the racism that was underlying the relationship between the Afrikaners and the locals whose land they took and exterminated. • British assurances for “ the just predominance of the white race ” Making Native Policy • Native Affairs Commission, 1903 developed new ideas for racial segregation • Permanent territorial segregation by legislation Native Lands Act, 1913: 14% of land to Africans • Segregated urban locations for Africans Native (Urban Areas) Act, 1923 South African Unification • 1910, declaration of Union of South Africa • No Africans represented • South African Party wins power (Louis Botha and J. C. Smuts)wins power (Louis Botha and J....
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- Winter '08
- Apartheid, African National Congress, anc, ANC youth League, Tambo ANC Secretary