Lecture 1 - 30.03.10

Lecture 1 - 30.03.10 - 30.03.10 Psych 130 Lectu re 1...

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30.03.10 Psych 130 – Lecture 1 Developmental Psychology : study of development of behaviour over time. Hopscotch Video Five year old has much better balance, does not tiptoe, can stay within the lines. She also encourages her younger sister because she knows that this is difficult. Attachment Theory Distrust of other people. Learn how not to feel guilty when she does not apologise for a mistake. She needs to learn not to apologise for things that happened that were out of her control Development – What is it? What do developmentalists study? o How behaviour changes o Cognitive changes o Social changes o Physical development o Emotional changes Biological Changes Change from a mass of cells to human beings. Foundations – An Introduction to Lifespan Development Not a topic in psychology; it’s a method to study human behaviour o A. Human development : the multidisciplinary study of how people change systematically and how they remain systematically the same over time . Hierarchical change: each change is dependent on the preceding series of changes. Butterfly effect: one small change can change a number of things and a snowball effect to lead up to a huge difference. Ex. Lesion studies (S.M. vs others) – prefrontal cortex is the last part to develop in humans (until mid to late twenties) and it helps us control our impulses. Many psychologists want to test how different people are when this part of the brain is removed. However, this is different from simply not developing this part of the brain.
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Moving target: Children = lobotomized adults? (Cortex view) Plasticity = the ability for the brain to be shaped by experience. Things that happen outside of our body can actually impact our brain. There are certain times in development where the brain has more plasticity. Ex. Monkey fingers: we all have five fingers and each finger has a representing area in the brain. This allows us to control the fingers individually and feel different things from individual fingers. Experimenters than tied the first two fingers together and the brain no longer represented five fingers but only four because these operated the same o B. Key Issues Physical development Perceptual development Cognitive development Emotional development Social development Theories Purpose: Why do we need theories? o They help us understand the mechanism of how things work. o They help us make predictions. With a good theory, we can input a behaviour and then get an accurate resulting behaviour. How do we get theories?
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This note was uploaded on 03/07/2011 for the course PSYCH 130 taught by Professor Johnson during the Spring '08 term at UCLA.

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Lecture 1 - 30.03.10 - 30.03.10 Psych 130 Lectu re 1...

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