strength training for judo

strength training for judo - National Strength and...

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Strength and Conditioning for Judo John Amtmann,EdD,and Adam Cotton Montana Tech of the University of Montana,Butte,Montana © National Strength and Conditioning Association Volume 27,Number 2,pages 26–31 Keywords: judo, grappling, strength, conditioning, interval training J udo, one of the most popular sports in the world, is an exciting grap- pling sport similar to wrestling, but unlike wrestling, the competitors wear thick jackets called judogis or gis . The gi allows for different tactical approaches for the judo athlete when compared to wrestling, and some say judo is more technically oriented as a result of this difference. Nonetheless, judo athletes rely heavily on strength and condition- ing to ensure success. Every judo coach should be aware of this, and should work closely with strength and conditioning coaches to develop an appropriate strength and conditioning program for their athletes. This article will discuss the literature published on injuries most common to grappling athletes and will make recom- mendations regarding strength and con- ditioning approaches to prevent injury and improve performance. We encourage the athletes and coaches to keep an active mind in analyzing what works best for them. The methods described in this arti- cle are what have worked for our athletes, but may not be best for others. Combin- ing the effects of a properly designed and executed strength and conditioning pro- gram with quality coaching on the tech- nical aspects of judo will improve perfor- mance and help to prevent injury. Rules of the Game Judo matches may last anywhere from 3 to 10 minutes depending on a variety of factors, but the regulation time for na- tional and international matches is one 5-minute period. A judo competitor can win a match by scoring an ippon (“full point”). If an ippon is scored, then the match is over. This is an important dis- tinction to the judo athlete who may have to fight in up to 6 or 7 matches in 1 tournament. The score of ippon can be given to a judo competitor by one of the following 4 ways: Throwing an opponent onto his or her back with impetus. Holding an opponent down on his or her back for 25 seconds. Strangling an opponent into submis- sion. Joint-locking an opponent into sub- mission. If a match is not won by ippon by the end of regulation time, then whomever has accumulated the most fractional points during the match is declared the winner. Injuries Preventing injury in sports by training specific joints identified as frequently injured is known as prehabilitation (4), and identifying injuries incurred in spe- cific sports and developing programs to prevent them is a top priority of strength and conditioning coaches. It is also the judo coach’s responsibility to be knowl- edgeable about the most common in- juries in judo and about how the strength and conditioning program will be of benefit to their athletes. summary
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2011 for the course ECN 2402 taught by Professor Jones during the Spring '11 term at FIU.

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strength training for judo - National Strength and...

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