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Chapter 1 Introduction Fordham

Chapter 1 Introduction Fordham - Garland D Jones...

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Garland D. Jones Kinesiology Dr. W. Fordham M, W, F 8:00-9:00 am Chapter 1 Introduction: The Changing Framework of Physical Education Chapter Terms: Discipline : is any training intended to produce a specific character or pattern of behaviour, especially training that produces moral, physical, or mental development in a particular direction. Discipline, while often thought to be a coercive mechanism, can be a collaborative process of building consensus regarding accepted behavior within institutions and society. In unionised companies, discipline may be a regulated part of a collective bargaining agreement and subject to grievance procedures. Self-discipline is the ability to manage yourself and your emotions. Fischer Bill : (1961) this bill stimulated reconsideration of the role of our professional preparation programs and an eventual focus on the academic aspects of physical education. Holmes Group : (1986) called for teacher education programs to be substantive in academic subject matter, for students to have a general education background equal to that provided in liberal arts and science fields, and for subject matter to be increased in a manner consistent with growth of knowledge in all disciplines. Kinesiology : is the scientific study of human movement. It should not be confused with the pseudoscience applied kinesiology (AK). While an understanding of kinesiology is fundamental for the analysis and treatment of problems in the musculoskeletal system, it is not - unlike "applied kinesiology" (AK) - a method for the treatment or diagnosis of illness. Kinesiology encompasses human anatomy, physiology, neuroscience, biochemistry, biomechanics, exercise psychology and sociology of sport. The relationship between the quality of movement and overall human health is also studied. Kinesiological information is applied in such fields as physical therapy, occupational therapy, chiropractic, osteopathy, exercise physiology, kinesiotherapy, massage therapy, ergonomics, physical education and athletic coaching. The approach of these applications can be therapeutic, preventive, or
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high-performance. The application of kinesiology can also incorporate knowledge from other academic disciplines such as psychology, sociology, cultural studies, ecology, evolutionary biology, and anthropology. Related interdisciplinary fields in motor skills, skills research are graphonomics, i.e. the study of handwriting movement control and the study of motor control in speech. The study of kinesiology is often part of the curriculum for some of the areas in which kinesiological information is used. There are some professional physical therapists who are also fully credentialed as "Registered Kinesiologists." The general difference between the job of a kinesiologist and a physical therapist is that a kinesiologist will assess movement, or problems in movement with regard to physiology, anatomy and biomechanics, while a physical therapist will actually apply therapeutic techniques to correct the
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