Garland D. Jones
Dr. W. Fordham
M, W, F
Chapter 6: Exercise and Sport Psychology
: Founded in 1985 in contrast to the first two organizations which emphasized
research, AAASP (Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology) focuses equally on
research and on applied topics in exercise and sport psychology.
: Established in 1979, AAHPERD (The Sport Psychology Academy of
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance) is part of
the AAHPERD organizational structure. The sports Academy publishes a newsletter
and organizes symposia and workshops.
Clinical exercise and sports psychologist
: is a specialization within psychology that
seeks to understand psychological/mental factors that affect performance in sports,
physical activity and exercise and apply these to enhance individual and team
performance. It deals with increasing performance by managing emotions and
minimizing the psychological effects of injury and poor performance. Some of the
most important skills taught are goal setting, relaxation, visualization, self-talk
awareness and control, concentration, using rituals, attribution training, and
The principles and theories may be applied to any human movement or performance
tasks (e.g., playing a musical instrument, acting in a play, public speaking, motor
Division 47 of the APA:
The newest sport psychology organization in the U.S.
Educational exercise and sports psychologist:
Works with participants involved in
physical activity who do not have major emotional problems – including both
psychologically healthy athletes and exercisers. Also works in a variety of settings
such as health clubs, corporate fitness facilities, university athletic and recreational
settings and nursing homes.
is the performance of some activity in order to develop or maintain
physical fitness and overall health. It is often directed toward also honing athletic
ability or skill. Frequent and regular physical exercise is an important component in
the prevention of some of the diseases of affluence such as heart disease,
cardiovascular disease, Type 2 diabetes and obesity.