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Stages… Dr. McKinney

Stages… Dr. McKinney - • Does it...

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Stages… Pre-conventional: Punishment & Obedience Instrumental Relativism Conventional: Good-Boy – Nice-Girl Law & Order Post-conventional: Social Contract Universal-Ethical Principle Stage 1: Punishment Obedience Egocentric in thinking Physical actions determine whether action is seen as good or bad Example Stage 2: Instrumental Relativism Right action is determined by what satisfies one’s own needs & occasionally the needs of others How you treat others will determine how others treat you Stage 3: Good-Boy – Nice Girl Good behavior requires approval from others Strive to follow role models Stage 4: Law & Order Maintaining fixed order Law & order are perceived as the most superior societal values Stage 5: Social Contract Individual rights & standards which have been critically examined & agreed upon by society Question fairness of a law Stage 6: Universal Ethical Principle Every person has the same rights Justice, reciprocity, equality of human rights
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Unformatted text preview: • Does it even exist? How is this used in an intervention? • Discussion about moral dilemmas with associated probe questions • Dilemmas are written to challenge participants to examine their thinking bout issues such as social norms, conscience, life, & truth Moral Dilemmas • General (e.g., Heinz Dilemmas) • Recreation Related • Spontaneous Probe Questions • Clarification • Issue-related • Alternative Dilemma Clarification • Same for each dilemma • “Who is/ are the main character(s) of the story?” Issue Related • Provoke discussion • “What should ____________ do?” • “Why?” or “Why not?” Alternative Dilemma • Provoke disagreement • “What if…?” Interaction Probes • Promote discussion among participants • “Beth, do you agree with what Art just said?” Notes: You don’t go backwards in stages & you do not skip them....
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