2-23. jeiwsh - JWST235 2-23-11 Unit Ten: Enlightenment and...

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JWST235 2-23-11 Unit Ten: Enlightenment and Toleration --Religious movements across the globe based on charismatic leaders, etc. Also effected the Jewry in Europe. Most of the scholars look for internal factors in these religious changes. -We’re moving westward --At this time German was not together ---200 small entities with princes in each ---1871: Close to being a Unified country --Motivated by external changes The Enlightenment -18 th century o Inspired by the scientific revolution of the 17 th Century o Different definitions and characteristics of Enlightenment Disenchantment of the world Popular notion that the world is mysterious. Looking to deities to understand what was going on in the world You can look for reasons and come up with an explanation Secularism A defining characteristic of the Enlightenment Many new scholarly works that try to put religious back into the enlightenment Many figures of this movement were religious The Enlightenment in France was more secular Austria and Prussia, less secular Universalism Universal values, as opposed to values unique to this society or that society All humanity can share and qualify for these values Use of reason One of the characteristics that all scholars agree upon. This movement stressed reason Even with religious, all things have to be based on reason o Scholars today call the Enlightenment “Enlightenments” now. There were many areas that changed. Vision of a New Society o Enlightenment thinkers envision a society based on Reason Progress Religious toleration
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Even though theologians all looked at Christianity as a superior religion, they came up with the idea that everyone deserves toleration and respect Not equality Innate natural rights Rights that every human being has. Every “man” (not woman) has natural rights that need to be
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2011 for the course JEWISH STU 0104 taught by Professor Manekin during the Spring '11 term at Maryland.

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2-23. jeiwsh - JWST235 2-23-11 Unit Ten: Enlightenment and...

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