Lecture 2 - Lecture 2 Intro Foods Nutrition Social and economic bases of food choice Nutrition The study of food and The way the body uses food

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Lecture 2 Social and economic bases of food choice
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Nutrition The study of food and The way the body uses food.
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Basic Food Chemistry “You are what you eat” (Ludwig Feuerbach) Foods and people are composed of the same chemical materials
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Diet A way of eating. Everyone who eats is on a diet.
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What we usually associate with the word diet
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Why? The origins of obesity are complex…………. . "Did you hear about this? This is one of those only in California stories - elementary school students in Berkeley are receiving a class credit for 'lunch.' Since they learn about nutrition, lunch is now considered a class. See, that's when you know we're getting too fat in this country, when students are actually majoring in lunch!" --Jay Leno
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Why do humans eat what they eat? An expression of home and family. remind us of motherly love, customs and traditions. We learn through repetition, foods and food combinations which have significance in the lives of those who are near to us. Food habits and customs are handed down from generation to generation (usually female based).
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How often is this you?
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Availability of Food The physical environment directly influences intake Agricultural products produced in an area plentiful lower cost Populations consume more of the product it becoming a staple food Geography Goat and chicken in mountainous areas Seafood in coastal areas Climate Tropical fruits (mango, guava, papaya) Where is the New Jersey tomato in winter?
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Free-range Chickens
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Mango Tree among the Palms
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Banana Tree
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Culture Defines those foods which are acceptable to eat Would you eat whale blubber? Goat Raw fish Cow and horse stew Grass hoppers Well, someone, somewhere does eat these
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Role of ethnicity and culture in food choice Foods which become identifiable with ethnic groups usually can be traced to the physical environment from which the ethnic group arose. Agricultural products which were plentiful were less expensive and consumed more often. Staple foods are identified with groups of people. Migration of people causes food habits and choice to move with them. Improved transportation has made a wide variety of foods available at great distances from the origin.
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Religion Some sets of rules governing aspects of religious life are food laws Kashruth (kosher dietary laws) Recorded in the Old Testament Food laws of Islam—halal Recorded in the Koran Vegetarian laws of Chinese Buddhists, Seventh-Day Adventists and Hindus Food is used in religious rituals/ceremonies Religious food taboos Religious expression
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Consumer Behavior Increased fuel costs have influenced the cost of food Economic concerns have lowered the frequency of families eating out (NRA) Environmental concerns (reusable shopping bags) Increased concern for nutrition Nutrition Facts label Fat intake Americans are consuming less meat and full fat dairy ? Cloned animals as sources of food
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2011 for the course NUTR 709 taught by Professor Barbaratangle during the Spring '11 term at Rutgers.

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Lecture 2 - Lecture 2 Intro Foods Nutrition Social and economic bases of food choice Nutrition The study of food and The way the body uses food

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