child psych notes - The School as a Context for Development...

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What should a school do for a child? Instill knowledge Motivate learning Knowledge + ability + motivation contribute to academic success Achievement Motivation Motivation (desire) that’s associated with competence What affects the motivation to become competent? External • Internal The School as a Context for Development
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The School as a Context for Development How does one's theory of ability/intelligence influence academic achievement? Dweck's Model : Theory Entity Theory Fixed ability; effort reveals lo ability (sense of luck b/c of your innate level of ability) Incremental Theory Malleable ability; effort increases ability Goal Performance Gain pos. or avoid neg. judgments of competence Learning Increase competence Confidence If Hi: If Lo: If Hi or Lo: Behavior pattern Mastery Oriented: Seek challenge; persist Helpless: Avoid challenge; give up Mastery Oriented: Seek challenge that fosters learning; persist *pride in achievement & working hard (intrinsic value)
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Achievement Motivation: What Develops? Infants : Mastery oriented (seek challenges and persist) Why expect them NOT to show helpless pattern:
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child psych notes - The School as a Context for Development...

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