Why are we attached

Why are we attached - o Orientation (towards human voice,...

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John Bowlby’s Theory of Attachment Heavily influenced by: o Psychoanalytic theories (ex: Freud) o Evolutionary biology (Darwin) What is emotional Attachment? The product of an interaction btwn genetic endowment & early environment Why are we attached? From an evolutionary perspective, the question of function becomes: o “What reproductive advantage does this relationship provide to those who possess it?” According to Bowlby, the function of the attachment relationship is to maintain proximity as a means of protection from predators What’s the evidence to support this hypothesized function? (animals) Isolated animals more likely to be attacked Attachment behavior easily elicited in those most vulnerable to attack High intensity of attachment behavior during situations of alarm How does the infant ensure that proximity to a caregiver is maintained? Behavioral equipment of the neonate:
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Unformatted text preview: o Orientation (towards human voice, etc) o Reflexes (palmer grasp, etc) o Smiling (earliest- spontaneous; by 5 th week- smiles elicit social responses from people) o Babbling o Crying • Adults are also biologically predisposed to respond to these behaviors 4 phases of Attachment • Phase 1 : Orientation and signals with Limited Discrimination of figure o Birth to 8-12 wks o Orientation toward any person in the vicinity • Phase 2 : Orientation and Signals Directed towards Once (or more) Discriminated Figures o 12 wks-6 mo o Differential response to primary caregiver • Phase 3 : Maintenance of Proximity to a Discriminated Figure by means of Locomotion o 6 months to 2-3 years o Caregiver as a secure base; strangers treated with caution • Phase 4 : Formation of a Goal-corrected Partnership o 3 yrs- onward o Consideration of caregiver’s feelings and motives...
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2011 for the course PSY 301 taught by Professor Pennebaker during the Spring '07 term at University of Texas.

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Why are we attached - o Orientation (towards human voice,...

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