FAD2230 Chapter 1 notes

FAD2230 Chapter 1 notes - Chapter 1 Intimate Relationships...

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Chapter 1 Intimate Relationships, Marriages, and Families 1. How has the American family changed in the last 50 years? a. Families are smaller b. More mixed marriages c. Spend less time together d. Divorce peaked in the 1980s e. Traditional roles changed i. Women in the workplace f. More single households g. Waiting longer to get married h. More adoptions from other countries i. Less romance; more practicality j. More gay families k. People are becoming sexually active at younger ages i. Middle school 2. Marriage rate= number of people out of 1,000 to get married in a 12 month period a. Highest marriage rate was at the end of WWII in 1945 at 12.2 units b. Declined after the war i. Lowest was 1960s at 7.8 units c. Fell again in 1980 because of the Vietnam War d. Today the marriage rate is 7.8 units 3. Definitions of family a. When does a group of people become a family as opposed to a social group? b. People related or sexually expressive i. Related can mean blood, marriage, or adoption
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c. People financially supporting one another d. People in an intimate and committed relationship e. Individuals’ identities are tied to a group i. Group has its own identity f. Census Bureau: two or more related persons who are living together g. Winch (1971): related persons who are raising children i. Shows that the focus of the family in the 70s was to procreate h. Burgess and Lock(1953): household group interacting in social roles i. Here marriage is assumed. ii. Stresses the traditional roles (i.e. cook, teacher, breadwinner, disciplinarian) i. Carter, Betty and McGoldrick, Monica (1999-feminist): people who have shared history and future. They encompass three to five generations held together by blood, legal, and historical ties. it is becoming increasingly difficult to determine what family life cycle patterns are normal causing great stress for family members. j. Pauline Boss (2002): continuing system of interacting persons bound together by processes of shared rituals and rules even more than shared biology. k. James White and David Klein (2002): families last considerably longer than a social group. They are intergenerational. They contain both biological and legal relationships. The biological aspect of family links them to a larger kinship. 4. Multiple Family Forms a. Categories of families are based on differences in: i. Structure 1. Nuclear- family you are born into 2. Extended- relatives beyond nuclear family 3. Voluntary childless family a. Becoming more common these days b. Common among whites 4. Family of origin- family you are born into
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5. Family of procreation- family that you establish if you have children of your own 6. Patriarchal family- father is the head 7. Matriarchal family- mother is the head a. Within the last 50 years matriarchal families have become more common 8. Gay/lesbian a. Has become more common b. Many in long term committed relationships i. No legal recognition c. Research shows no negative effect on children 9. Single parent a. Has become more common b. 1/3 of all families in 2005 c. 3x more sine 1970 d. 82% are headed by moms 10.
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