FAD2230 Chapter 11 Notes

FAD2230 Chapter 11 Notes - Chapter 11: Family Planning and...

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Chapter 11: Family Planning and Parenthood 1. The Importance of Family Planning a. Protect health of mother and child i. Too young is hard, but also over 35 and 40 is unhealthy for child b. Timing the conception and birth i. When couples get pregnant too early, it can have big impact on family ii. Fathers who have children at a young age are less involved 1. 30 is the best time to start for father involvement c. If parenthood is chosen, there is greater psychological health 2. Ways to Prevent Conception a. Prevents ovulation (90%) i. Oral, the pill b. Prevents sperm penetration c. Prevent endometrial implantation i. Egg implanted 3. Types of Oral Contraception a. Combination pills i. Estrogen + progestin ii. 3.8% failure rate 1. Because hard to remember take everyday 2. Miss one take two, miss two take two for two days, but any more and it is ineffective for the month b. Mini pill i. Progestin only ii. Much less effective c. Emergency contraception, “Plan B,” “The Day After” i. High levels of hormones for a few days
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ii. Prevents egg from getting implanted, or flush it out iii. Reasons 1. Birth control method failed 2. Not using birth control 3. Sexual assault d. Advantages i. Convenient ii. Reversible iii. Reduces several health problems 1. Benign breast disease and cysts 2. Suppresses ovarian activity- cancer 3. Controls iron deficiency 4. Reduces PID (Pelvic Inflammatory Disease) 5. Prevents against ectopic pregnancy a. Abnormal pregnancy that occurs outside the womb (uterus) b. The baby cannot survive e. Disadvantages i. No STD protection ii. Blood clots iii. Increased risk of breast and cervical cancer iv. Decreased sex drive v. Nausea, weight gain, headaches, swelling of breasts 4. Other Hormonal Contraception a. Progestin injections i. Once in every three months b. Vaginal contraception rings
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i. Once a month c. Contraceptive patch
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FAD2230 Chapter 11 Notes - Chapter 11: Family Planning and...

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