4 Personality

4 Personality - THE INDIVIDUAL SUBSYSTEM: PERSONALITY...

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THE INDIVIDUAL SUBSYSTEM: PERSONALITY
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TEMPERAMENT Activity level frequency of spontaneous motor activity how fast or slow a person seems to exist Rhythmicity the need or desire that life be in sequence or on a time schedule a person’s approach towards or withdraw from others in social interaction Adaptability continuum ability to adjust to changes in space,
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TEMPERAMENT CONT. Response Threshold how affected people are when their sense are stimulated Intensity of Reaction how individuals respond under stress typically respond by 1. adapt by managing stress 2. withdraw by shutting down 3. explode Quality of Mood continuum of responses from happy to sad
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TEMPERAMENT CONT. Distractibility ability to concentrate even with distractions Attention Span ability to stick with a task versus jump from project to project Temperament is not the only thing that dictates who an individual will be. A lot of an individuals makeup depends on the social and cultural environment they experience.
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GOODNESS OF FIT The interaction that results when the properties of the environment and its expectations are in line with the organism’s capabilities, motivations and styles of behavior Optimal development: possible when there is harmony between the organism and the environment “Poorness of fit”: dissonance between the environment and the organism producing distorted development and maladaptive functioning
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GOODNESS OF FIT CONT. Occurs within a family “black sheep” Occurs in social settings Compare different experiences of visiting a friends house Occurs in social/cultural environment Values and demands of a situation or place may not match the individual
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FACTORS INFLUENCING FIT Strength and duration The stronger and more persistent a temperament characteristic is, the greater chance for conflict Other Individual Attributes Other aspects of the child might help them cope with different environmental demands Outcome of the relationship
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4 Personality - THE INDIVIDUAL SUBSYSTEM: PERSONALITY...

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