Week 3

Week 3 - FAD3432 Chapter 4: Families Coping with Change I....

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FAD3432 Chapter 4: Families Coping with Change I. Introduction a. Families experience many different types of stressors, both positive and negative. b. The US is experiencing stressors related to: i. Technological advances: industrialization, urbanization, population growth, extended life expectancy, and the economy. ii. Social changes: Changes in gender roles, divorce, religion iii. Global threats: Terrorism iv. Natural disasters c. Stress is caused by change. i. The impact of that change is affected by the family’s perception of the situation and the family’s coping ability. ii. Family stress - pressure or tension in the family system; disturbance of the family’s steady state. 1. Stress- disturbance and pressure iii. Change and stress can facilitate growth. iv. Change becomes problematic when the degree of stress in a family members and family system become dissatisfied or show symptoms of disturbance. II. Study of Family Stress and Change a. Stress as it relates to families has only begun to be studied. i. Stress has had many definitions. ii. Stress was conceived as a basis of ill health in the 19 th century. b. Seyle described stress as an orchestrated set of bodily defenses against any form of noxious stimuli. c. Meyer explained how life events can contribute to a disorder. i. Holmes and Rahe showed how significant life changes can be related to death, illness, and disease.
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d. Developmentalists, such as Erikson, have proposed various stage models in when individuals must negotiate particular crises before they can cope with subsequent developmental stages. i. These coping strategies are then integrated into one’s self-concept and repertoire of coping strategies. ii. These changes are described as crises. 1. They provide stress but also the opportunity for growth. e. Developments in the evolution and use of family stress: i. Mind-body-family connection : In contrast to the measurement of life events, the emphasis is on the measurement of human reactivity during intensely stressful situations. ii. Family resilience : this is a process that implies growth, with families becoming stronger for having had an experience; it includes a greater emphasis on context. iii. Emphasis on the role of spirituality and faith in the management of stress. iv. Post-traumatic stress : this involves the recognition that individuals’ responses to isolated events, such as rape, war, torture, etc. v. Increased use of “disaster” teams deployed into an arena immediately after a catastrophe. 1. This reflects an emphasis on crisis instead of stress. vi. Emphasis on stress resulting from caring for individuals with long-term illnesses or disabilities. vii. Increased recognition that the demands created by balancing work and family results in high stress for families.
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This note was uploaded on 03/08/2011 for the course FAD 3432 taught by Professor Cornille during the Spring '08 term at FSU.

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Week 3 - FAD3432 Chapter 4: Families Coping with Change I....

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